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- Volume 37, Issue 1, 2009
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Volume 37, Issue 1, 2009
Volumes & issues
Volume 37, Issue 1, 2009
Author Philippe DenisSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 5 –19 (2009)More Less
Established in 1963, the Federal Theological Seminary of Southern Africa, also known as Fedsem, occupies a unique place in South African history. For three decades, it was one of the main places of training for the Church of the Province of Southern Africa (Anglican), the Methodist Church of Southern Africa, the United Congregational Church of Southern Africa and a cluster of Presbyterian churches. Despite the controversy surrounding its closure in 1993, it is regarded by many as one of the most remarkable achievements of the Christian church in South Africa. A symbol of ecumenism, it also exemplified the churches' resistance to apartheid. This is why, more than fifteen years after its demise, it continues to evoke powerful emotions. On the basis of interviews with former staff and students, the paper tries to understand the reasons for the closure. On the surface of things, the decision to close the seminary was made on financial grounds. The dwindling number of students made it increasingly unsustainable. But it could have survived if various funding opportunities had been seized and if the study programme had been restructured. Unfortunately, power struggles within the seminary and lack of support on the side of the constituent churches resulted in these opportunities being missed.
Author Jan A.B. JongeneelSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 20 –32 (2009)More Less
The author describes and analyses Hendrik Kraemer's statements on Africa in his book The Christian Message in a non-Christian world (CM), which was written and published in 1938 in preparation for the Tambaram meeting of the International Missionary Council. This article continues with a description and analysis of the perception and reception of CM at, and after, the Tambaram meeting and examines the relevance of CM in Africa today.
Author Ernst M. ConradieSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 33 –52 (2009)More Less
This essay offers some observations regarding discourse on climate change in South Africa. It reflects on the specific contribution that Christianity and Christian theology can make in response to climate change. On this basis, it explores some theological resources for proclaiming the gospel in the context of climate change, namely with reference to the apocalypse, creation, human equality, God's providence, salvation and the church as an alternative community. It suggests the need for a theological retrieval of such Christian symbols in order to sustain the available ethical responses.
Between advocacy and readiness to suffer : religious liberty and persecution of Christians as explored at the World Evangelical Alliance 2008Author Christof SauerSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 53 –65 (2009)More Less
This article highlights the reflections on religious liberty and the persecution of Christians as explored at the October 2008 World Evangelical Alliance General Assembly in Pattaya, Thailand and Global Consultation of its Mission Commission. In both gatherings, the complementary emphases of advocacy for persecuted Christians and readiness to suffer for Christ played a major role.
Author J.M. (Koos) VorsterSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 66 –84 (2009)More Less
This investigation focuses on the question whether forgiveness in a socio-political transition should lead to impunity for perpetrators and wrongdoers of the previous dispensation. Arguing from a deontological Christian ethical paradigm, the conclusion postulates that impunity should not be an option when dealing with the crimes of the past. Impunity inhibits the core ingredients of a peaceful new dispensation, namely the sound execution of justice, reconciliation, remembrance and restitution. Instead of unconditional impunity, the court should adjudicate a process of restorative justice that entails a complaint, a verdict and the imposition of a sentence. On the imposition of a sentence, the elements of restorative justice, such as the need for restitution, should be taken into consideration.
Author Sarojini NadarSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 85 –102 (2009)More Less
This paper has three aims. The first is to show that gender violence is a missiological concern. The consistent call in missiological circles to understand mission as not just conversion but indeed as spreading the good news of justice and love, requires an understanding of mission which seeks to transform (gender) injustice in the world (Bosch 1991; Grey 1992; Legge 2004). The second aim of this paper is to suggest that there is a need to develop a feminist missiological framework to deal with the issue of gender violence (Russell 2004; Heidemann 2004). Thirdly, the paper aims to provide an example of such a feminist missiological paradigm in action, where a deconstruction of life-denying gender ideologies contained within the biblical text is highlighted. The impact of such life-denying texts is demonstrated using the Jacob Zuma rape trial as a case study.
Author Christo LombaardSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 103 –123 (2009)More Less
Sexuality, and integral aspect of being human, is an important and recurring theme within religious discourse. Within Christianity, sexuality usually features more as a problem than as a theme of celebration, which is to the detriment of Christians and the perception of Christianity from outside the circle of its constituents. This contribution seeks to help alter that dynamic. Embodied faith is celebrated, with themes in theological thinking and texts from the Bible that favour a positive sexuality. In conclusion, affirming sexual fulfilment as a missionary approach for Christianity is explored.
Author Elina HankelaSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 124 –125 (2009)More Less
I am a PhD student at the University of Helsinki Finland. I spent the year 2009 listening to stories at the Central Methodist Church in Johannesburg related to ethnicity, xenophobia and humanity. Sometimes, processing what I have seen and heard has required some creative writing. I cannot understand how African people can be strangers in Africa and so I wrote the following poem ..
Beyond homelessness : Christian faith in a culture of displacement, Steven Bouma-Prediger and Brian J. Walsh : book reviewAuthor Frances KlopperSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 126 –128 (2009)More Less
The topic of this volume on "home" and "homelessness" in the Bible and contemporary culture is an idea whose time has come. We live in a globalising world where mass migrations, displaced families and alienation from the environment mark our times. In critiquing contemporary North American and Canadian culture, the authors discuss various forms of homelessness: socioeconomic, ecological, cultural and psychological, and show how the Bible and the Christian faith can heal the dislocations in society. The book interacts with homeless people, philosophers, sociologists, novelists and poets. Each of the nine chapters ends with a biblical interlude in the form of an imaginative first-person retelling of a biblical episode pertaining to the subject of the chapter.
Nigeria's Christian revolution: the civil war revival and its Pentecostal progeny (1967-2006), Richard Burgess : book reviewAuthor J.A. MillardSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 128 –130 (2009)More Less
This study is an adaptation of the author's PhD. thesis which was completed in 2004. It is an interesting account of the growth of various Pentecostal churches which were established during and after the civil war in Nigeria and their relationship to the other churches and the evangelical movement in Nigeria. It is also a study in contemporary African Christianity and the author's experience of it during the time that he spent researching the study while living in Nigeria. The author writes that the study is limited to the revival and the Igbo-founded Pentecostal churches it generated. It reflects an encounter between a particular brand of Christianity and a local African society and examines the interaction between them. In chapter one, the author defines revival as a communal event and shows how this is demonstrated in African Pentecostalism.
Dictionary of Mission Theology : Evangelical Foundations. IVP Reference Collection, John Corrie (Ed.) : book reviewAuthor Christoph StenschkeSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 130 –133 (2009)More Less
One of the signs that disciplines are growing in scope and depth or are rapidly changing is the publications of dictionaries that help novices to the field, but also the specialist themselves to stay abreast of the field. A number of such volumes have been published in missiology in the last decade. At the same time as the present volume, the Encyclopedia of Mission and Missionaries, Religion and Society, edited by Jonathan Bonk. A Berkshire Reference Work (New York, London: Routledge, 2007) appeared.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 133 –135 (2009)More Less
This book is made up of the collected papers presented at the Currents in World Christianity project held at the University of Pretoria in 2001. The project was concerned with the modern history of Protestant missions with an emphasis on the religious aspects of globalisation, and investigated the complex dynamics shaping the recent expansion of Christianity in the South and in parts of Asia using the insights of historians, anthropologists and sociologists. The papers reflect the intersections of varieties of external influences and indigenisation. They provide a fitting testimony to the commitment of the editor, the late Ogbu Kalu, to producing works of excellence in the fields of global mission and African Christianity.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 135 –136 (2009)More Less
This book does not attempt to provide a comprehensive history of Christianity in Botswana. Rather, it deals with particular aspects of it, some in continuity with earlier work and others focussing on the impact of Christianity upon ordinary people. It includes contributions on ecumenical issues, the role of education, Christianity and culture, the role of medical services in church planting and society, Catholicism and ethics, African Initiated Churches (AICs), the Church and land, the role of women, language and demographics. A background theme is constituted by a reflection on the transportation of Christianity to Africa to save it from demise in Europe. Botswana has provided fertile ground for the writing of the history of Christianity. This particular volume marks a change in tone from its predecessors in the series moving away from institutional studies to the impact of Christianity on the powerless in society.
Mission and development : Finnish Pentecostal, Lutheran and Orthodox mission agencies in development work in Kenya 1948-1989.Author Lounela JaakkoSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 136 –137 (2009)More Less
This book reflects a very thorough and comprehensive research project into the funding of social work projects in Kenya by the Finnish government for the period 1948 to 1989. The author spent the years 1979 to 1986 as a missionary in Kenya and thus has first hand experience of the process of funding which the churches received. After receiving a PhD. from the University of Helsinki, he served as a parish pastor in North Finland before going as a missionary to Kenya in 1979.
Mission in an African Way. A practical introduction to African Instituted Churches and their sense of mission, Thomas Oduro, Hennie Pretorius, Stan Nussbaum and Bryan Born : book reviewAuthor J.J. (Dons) KritzingerSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 137 –139 (2009)More Less
The foursome who wrote this book together have between them certainly more than a century of intimate knowledge and experience of the African Instituted Churches (AICs). They have co-operated in a venture to write a unique book (they call it a Manual) on this important church grouping.
Converting Colonialism : Visions and realities in mission history, 1706-1914, D.L. Robert : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 139 –141 (2009)More Less
This book represents another excellent contribution to the Studies in the History of Christian Missions series. The editor has sought to focus on an area that goes beyond earlier studies that concentrate on the relative roles of missionaries and local agents in timeworn generalisations by examining the experiences of missionaries in specific contexts alongside the needs and interests of early local agents. This provides a basis for a challenge to the missionaries' visions and a means of shaping these visions. The role of missionary visions in the development of colonialism and domination has given way to post-colonial critiques with the realisation that Christianity has become primarily a non-western faith.
Author Kobus KokSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 141 –143 (2009)More Less
Transformation after Lausanne : Radical evangelical mission in global-local perspective, Al Tizon : book reviewAuthor Willem SaaymanSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 37, pp 144 –145 (2009)More Less
There is evidence of growing interest in studying the abiding influence of the Lausanne Congress of World Evangelism of 1974 and the Lausanne Movement, which grew out of it. It seems to me as if it is especially the convergence in theological streams (especially the Ecumenical and Evangelical groupings) which followed in the wake of Lausanne which arouses interest. This book by the Filipino theologian Al Tizon, based on his doctoral thesis presented to the Graduate Theological Union at Berkeley, California, offers, in the words of Ron Sider in the Foreword, an excellent overview and analysis of this process of convergence and transformation.