n Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Xhosa Zionist church music : a liturgical expression beyond the dreams of the early missionaries

Volume 38, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 0256-9507



The early Christian missionaries in Southern Africa did not realise what they would bring about by insisting on European style music in the mission churches. The desire for worship suited to their own culture, including worship music, was one of the main reasons for so many African Christians establishing or joining African Initiated Churches (AICs). An additional result was the creation, by the AICs, of wonderful new church songs most suitable for use in liturgy. This is the first of two articles that examine such music in certain Xhosa Zionist churches.

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