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- Volume 38, Issue 3, 2010
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Volume 38, Issue 3, 2010
Volumes & issues
Volume 38, Issue 3, 2010
Ministerial training : the need for pedagogies of formation and of contextualisation in theological educationAuthor Marilyn NaidooSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 347 –368 (2010)More Less
Developing the next generation of competent Christian leaders with vision and character for the new millennium remains a major concern in church and society. This article explains how and why, within the theological curriculum, pedagogies of formation and of contextualisation are critical to producing quality Christian workers who are grounded in their pastoral identity and have the necessary skills to be relevant to their communities. Pedagogies of formation relate to both aspects of spirituality and holiness and the profession of ministry. Practices of contextualisation should help students develop the skills of social and theological analyses, understand the nature of communities and their dynamics, and the means by which they can be transformed and adapted to social change. Intentionality about formation and contextualisation can provide the integration of learning that can narrow the gap between theological education and Christian practice.
Author Tinyiko Sam MalulekeSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 369 –379 (2010)More Less
Using the true story of Africanised bees as a metaphor, I explore the place of Africanised Christianity in World Christianity and in a world full of "Christianities". To this end, I propose ten theses on African Christianity. Based on these, I conclude that African Christianity is a valid form of Christianity.
Author Ernst M. ConradieSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 380 –396 (2010)More Less
This contribution explores the linguistic possibilities of the phrase "creation at the heart of mission". If "creation" is understood as shorthand for "care for creation", then the phrase would be understandable. This is indeed the way in which earth-keeping is accommodated in South African missiological discourse, namely as one dimension of mission. However, if creation is understood as creatura there emerges serious ecological (where humans form part of God's creation) and cosmological problems: How is "mission" then to be understood? Who are the agents of mission? Who is sent by whom and where to? If creation is understood as creatio, then the phrase would be clear but implausible: Why is God's act of creation at the heart of God's work? The argument of this article is that the meaning of phrase may be retrieved if mission is understood as God's mission, if the asymmetry between God's mission and human mission (or the church's mission) is emphasised and if God's faithfulness to creation as creatura is radicalised.
Author Cornelius J.P. NiemandtSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 397 –412 (2010)More Less
This article explores insights into the emerging missional ecclesiology of twelve congregations collaborating in the South African Partnership for Missional Churches (SAPMC). A brief description of the vision, the understanding of the missional church, and the theological background of the SAPMC is followed by an appreciative-inquiry investigation into the partnership and congregations. The article describes a process of participatory action research into the five-year long missional journey of twelve South African congregations. The findings are discussed within the framework of four themes: practices, movements, attitudes and innovations. The article concludes with the contribution of these findings towards formulating an emerging missional ecclesiology.
Author Anthony BalcombSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 413 –429 (2010)More Less
Some scholars are now arguing that their predictions concerning the rise of secularism were wrong and that religious faith is as strong now as it has ever been. This is the case with respect to not only the monotheistic religions, especially Islam and Christianity, but also the Eastern and ethnic religions. What is the cause of this resurgence of interest and faith in God? What caused God to leave in the first place? What kinds of theologies were being done during God's absence and what kinds are being done as a result of God's return? What kinds of God(s) are being sought after? What kind of world is God being invited back to? What are the challenges and opportunities from a theological perspective that are availing themselves in all these comings and goings of God?
Author Graham DuncanSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 430 –451 (2010)More Less
Idris Shah's concept of "coercive agency" provides an apposite model for the study of mission institutions as "total institutions", which produced paradoxical results of conformity in some learners, while in other learners the result was resistance to mission education. My earlier research examined the problem of power relations at Lovedale Missionary Institution during the period of 1840 to 1930 under William Govan (1841-1869), James Stewart (1870-1905) and James Henderson (1906-1930). This study continues this theme and focuses on a diplomatic form of "coercive agency" exercised under Arthur Wilkie (1932-1942) and a brutalised form under R.H.W. Shepherd (1942-1955) until mission schools were taken over as a result of the Bantu Education Act (1953).
Author Isabel Apawo PhiriSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 452 –465 (2010)More Less
This article addresses one of the growing items of the agenda for post-colonial mission - gender justice and the empowerment of women. The Council for World Mission (CWM) has endeavoured to engage the issues of gender justice in mission through its Community of Women and Men in Mission programme. This article critically examines this programme and argues that the question of partnership in mission is an issue of social justice. It asserts that while the sharing of power has been problematic for partners in the North and South, this sharing of power is even more difficult within the South, when it comes to the sharing of power between men and women. The article is grounded in the field of African women's theology to analyse the work of the CWM. In conclusion, it is argued that although the issue of gender justice has been the most difficult for the CWM to address, through the use of different strategies, efforts are being made to promote gender justice in all CWM churches.
Kurze Geschichte der Vereinigten Evangelischen Mission - Short History of the United Evangelical Mission, Wolfgang Appelt : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 466 –467 (2010)More Less
The present United Evangelical Mission is the successor organisation of the Rhenish Mission Society which was active in South Africa and today's Namibia in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The present slim volume offers a succinct summary of the history of that mission and its preceding societies in German (1-52) and in English (53-86). The author is one of the archivists of the UEM, based at its seat in Wuppertal in Germany and thoroughly acquainted with all the extant resources. In this review I focus on Appelt's presentation of the activities in Southern Africa.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 468 –470 (2010)More Less
While there are already a number of reference works on missions and missiology (see the survey of M. L. Smalley, 367-69) this encyclopaedia is a welcome addition as it deals with recent issues in the field and in the discipline that are not adequately addressed elsewhere. It does not, however, cover specific missionaries or missionary organisations as they are amply covered elsewhere (cf. G. H. Anderson, ed., The Biographical Dictionary of Christian Mission; Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1999).
Christian Perspectives on the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, Wesley H. Brown, Peter F. Penner (Eds.) : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 470 –471 (2010)More Less
The title of this collection of essays sounds bold: Christian perspectives on a conflict between Jews and Muslims, Israelis and Arabs. However, there is a small, much ignored and oppressed Palestinian Christian minority. Some of the conflict also concerns Christians as some of their most holy sites are right in the middle of the conflict and as some of the decisions taken by "Christian" nations through the centuries and up to today, have contributed to this conflict and have affected it to this day. In addition, a concern for Israel has been part of the make-up of many evangelical Christians.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 472 –474 (2010)More Less
The present Festschrift for Australian biblical scholar and missiologist, Dr John Olley, offers a fine collection of essays on the twin focus of Bible and mission. They offer a good combination of biblical and theological scholarship and of thoughtful, stimulating application to various issues in missiology. Many of the articles contain fresh perspectives and cover ground not already explored. Of particular interest are the articles which focus on the Old Testament and its relevance to mission. They reflect Olley's career of teaching Old Testament exegesis, Hebrew and missiology. Nine of the fifteen essays were written by Australian colleagues and friends of Olley.
Finding and Losing Faith : Studies in Conversion, Christopher Partridge, Helen Reid (Eds.) : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 474 –476 (2010)More Less
The present volume is devoted to the concept of "conversion" per se, a topic which is rarely discussed in detail. The work is focused on conversion to and from Christianity or within culturally Christian contexts. Moreover, this is done principally through the filter of the British context, including the legacy of British colonialism. Having said that, it is very clearly not a book solely about Christianity and the British. It is primarily a religio-cultural exploration of conversion per se which, overall, raises key issues relating to conversion and life in religiously plural societies (:xii).
Author Mark MaraisSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 476 –477 (2010)More Less
For Perumalil, science and the concomitant technologies that have emerged since the seventeenth century, have not only pervaded all aspects of, and brought significant benefits to, human life, but have also displaced religion from its pivotal intellectual position and treated it disdainfully. As a theologian and philosopher, Perumalil wants the scientific community to engage constructively with the philosophy and practice of religion. This is Perumalil's larger project, and the title of his book reflects this, rather than the content per se.
Baptists and mission : papers from the Fourth International Conference on Baptist Studies, Ian M. Randall and Anthony R. Cross (Eds.) : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 477 –479 (2010)More Less
The contributions to this volume are the result of work done at the Fourth International Conference on Baptist Studies held in July 2006 at Acadia College in Nova Scotia in Canada. According to David Bebbington, in the foreword (:xiiif), "They cover theory and practice, senders and sent, successes and failures. They illuminate some of the ways in which members of the denomination in many lands have undertaken efforts to transmit and embody the Christian faith. Through mission they were seeking, as William Carey put it, 'To concur with God in promoting his glorious design'". The twenty contributors are from the United States, India, the United Kingdom, France, Romania, Canada, and Latvia.
Ecological and theological aspects of some animal laws in the Pentateuch, Chilkuri Vasantha Rao : book reviewAuthor Fanie SnymanSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 479 –480 (2010)More Less
This is an interesting book. It was originally submitted as a doctoral dissertation, with the well-known Old Testament scholar Prof. Ina Willi-Plein from the University of Hamburg as supervisor, while the author is an ordained minister of the Church of South India, and is currently teaching in the Department of Biblical Studies at Andhra Christian Theological College in Hyderabad in India.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 480 –481 (2010)More Less
Well-known is the critique against the Judaeo-Christian religious tradition (famously formulated by Lynn White in 1967 in an article in Science), that the historical roots of our present-day ecological crisis can be found in this tradition's emphasis on the 'ruling' position of humankind in the world. It is therefore to be expected given this theological background that the economies of modern capitalist civilisations would plunder the natural riches of the world. The earth is there for the benefit of humankind, to use and to exploit.
Being missionary - being human : an overview of the Dutch Reformed Mission, Willem Saayman : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 481 –484 (2010)More Less
The Dutch Reformed Church (Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk) in South Africa has an outstanding record of missionary involvement in Southern Africa and beyond. At the same time, it is the church that gained notoriety in the ecumenical world because of its close relations with the Apartheid government. The author says it in so many words: "The history I review here, is by and large a proud history, not a perfect history" (: x). It is because he was also part of this history that he felt it necessary to write this critical book.
Author G.J.A. LubbeSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 484 –485 (2010)More Less
The very important matters of mission and Da'wa are touched upon in four well-researched articles. Yousuf Dadoo presents a very readable account of the various stages of Da'wa in South Africa (Da'wa in Südafrika) and makes, in the process, an important contribution to the bibliography on Islam and Muslims in South Africa. Manfred Jung writes on the expansion of Islam in the black townships of Cape Town (Die Ausbreitung des Islam in den schwarzen Townships von Kapstadt), and comes to the conclusion that the development of Islam in these areas is relatively young, and in terms of numbers fairly small. He does, however, add that these adherents of Islam do not in any way lack self-confidence when it comes to their role in society and in the world of Islam.
Author G.S. FehrsenSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 38, pp 485 –486 (2010)More Less
This well-written book is a pleasure to hold and read. It is based on ninety interviews with elders, patients, and healers in traditional and Church contexts, and participant observation of rituals between 1989 and 1991. The qualitative interviews were conducted in Shona. The author thoroughly describes the medico-religious beliefs of the Karanga community, a subgroup of the Shona people of southern Zimbabwe. Giving one example after another, Shoko shows convincingly that a concern for well-being in its widest sense, is a central issue in the religion of the Karanga, from rituals for rainmaking and fertility of the land, to inter- and intra-tribal harmony, family well-being, and the health of the individual. The explanation, diagnosis, and treatment of misfortune and illness contribute to wellness, balance, and harmony in the community, by restoring relationships, by retribution, and the paying of damages. In spite of government legislation, modernity, globalisation, and mainline church opposition, traditional healers and the whole belief system are still flourishing.