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- Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013
Volumes & issues
Volume 41, Issue 1, 2013
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 3 –4 (2013)More Less
Migration today, is one of the most pressing realities that challenge also the Christian church, globally. It is therefore not surprising that the theme for the thirteenth quadrennial conference of the International Association for Mission Studies (IAMS) in 2012, in Toronto Canada, was "Migration. Human Dislocation and the Good News: Margins as the Centre in Christian Mission". Whilst for some it is a challenge - a matter of life and death; for others, it is an exciting opportunity - a new lease on life. Perhaps it is this ambiguity what excites us most, as we present to you this edition of Missionalia. This reality of being on the road, or at cross-roads, may hold the promise to deepen our ways of doing missiology, but also, of our existence as missional communities. The IAMS call for papers also hinted at these deeper roots and on-going significance of this reality.
Author Stephen HayesSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 5 –21 (2013)More Less
The Christian Church has faced problems of mission and migrancy from its inception. This paper, however, is limited to southern Africa in the last fifty years, using examples from the Anglican and Orthodox Churches, based mainly on the personal experiences of the author. It begins with the story of a migratory cattle herder in northwestern Namibia who became an evangelist and was trying to plant a church among a nomadic people. There have been other patterns of migration in Southern Africa, including migratory labour, forced removals, refugees, and immigration, both legal and illegal. Theological Education by Extension (TEE), which developed about 40-50 years ago, had the potential to meet some of these needs, though emphasis was often put in the wrong places, so that it did not fulfil the promise of meeting the needs of migrant ministries as well as had been hoped. Materials and resources often had to be improvised, but in many ways much has been achieved.
Author C.J.P. NiemandtSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 22 –39 (2013)More Less
Human mobility and migration are closely associated with and reciprocally influenced by globalisation. Add the relentless connectivity facilitated by the proliferation of mobile communication and the emergence of social media to this mixture, and an emerging new 'glocal' culture is evident. People are not only migrating to new localities and territories, but simultaneously into a new culture. We are witnessing the greatest mass migration in the history of humanity - from the real to the virtual world. It is a shift from shared space to shared interest.
The metaphor of a river in flood has been used to describe the fact that migrant communities are a point of convergence of some of the biggest challenges facing the church and society at large: globalisation, hyperdiversity, interconnectedness, a Google culture and postmodern tribalism. Culture flows like a river and the church functions as a bridge connecting humans striving to make sense of life and Scripture as well as the tradition transmitted over the centuries. Some of the missional challenges will be to incarnate the gospel in this emerging culture. This study was positioned at the convergence of two important processes - the rise of the network society (especially social media) and migration. It took up two of the challenges posed at Edinburgh 2010, namely to "fruitfully" integrate the role of media in modern society into overall missiological thinking, and to think about the "call for a structural reform of the church" to grapple with the challenges of migration.
The network society represents a profound social transformation. New technologies deliver connectedness in the palms of our hands and social media serve as an expression of the passion for connection, community and knowing others and being known by others.
This research is a theoretical and missiological reflection on the role and importance of social media such as Facebook in migrant communities. It investigated issues such as:
- contextualisation and inculturation in a Google culture;
- the foundational role of relationships in a network society and migrant culture;
- the ability of social media to facilitate connection to the multiple cultural and religious belongings of migrants;
- the role of social media to help migrants to find meaning through shared, self generated experiences;
- the role of social media in facilitating hospitality to the stranger.
Author Hannes (J.J.) KnoetzeSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 40 –52 (2013)More Less
This paper will discuss migration from a missional diaconate ministry with specific focus on koinonia and the importance thereof for the Kingdom, church and society. The point of departure being that migration is not a foreign concept to the Bible or Christianity. From the earliest days in the Old Testament and throughout the Bible, believers in the Trinitarian God are described as "strangers in this world" (1 Peter). The paper will focus on the concepts of kyrugma/mission, diaconia and koinonia, as the three dimensions of mission (Kritzinger 1998:34-36) and the relation between them. Lastly, the missionary deaconate as a ministry of hope is discussed.
Author Christof SauerSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 53 –65 (2013)More Less
Religious persecution of believers contributes to migration and relocation. Three alternative responses to persecution or the threat of persecution can be discerned in Scripture: Avoiding, resisting, and enduring for those affected, and mandatory solidarity for the rest of the body of Christ. Advocacy and mission agencies are faced with the question whether relocation of persecuted believers is a viable option and provides a long-term holistic solution. The results of the discussion of a working group on the issues faced by Christian believers of Muslim background in the Middle East on the pros and cons of relocation within a country, within a region, outside a region are presented.
Author Mika VahakangasSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 66 –89 (2013)More Less
For about sixty years, Christian mission has encountered the resistant Sonjo traditions, and much of the competition between religions has happened in the realm of narratives. Sonjo myths and stories change according to the religio-political needs, and Christians make use of stories or versions of myths that gain them leverage against the traditional religion. Christian mission attempts to utilize women's position as an argument for its benefit. Sonjo Christian women, finding themselves between two patriarchies, the traditional and the Christian, negotiate themselves additional moving space by positioning themselves usually in accordance to churches' positions but sometimes to the Sonjo traditions.
Writing religious history: The historiography of Ethiopian Pentecostalism, J. Haustein : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 90 –91 (2013)More Less
This book appears at a time when there is an increasing interest being shown in the growth and development of the Pentecostal movement in Africa. It focuses on the Ethiopian context where Pentecostalism and charismatic Christianity have become prominent features of religious history in an area where traditional Ethiopian orthodoxy has remained aloof from the upsurge of both Islam and alternative forms of Christianity for many centuries. Apart from two early histories, this is the first recent substantial history of Ethiopian Pentecostalism written from a contemporary historical perspective.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41 (2013)More Less
A few years ago, I undertook a course in Leadership and Management the concept of servant leadership was well to the fore. However, this was presented as a secular contribution, with copious references to Robert Greenleaf's significant work in this field, to such an understanding of leadership. It was unbelievable that this biblical approach to leadership was passed off as a recent development in the secular realm. The author of this book had many years of experience of leadership in church and mission in various contexts globally and writes in a manner that integrates scriptural witness, philosophy and contemporary management theory. This demonstrates that he is a 'reflective practitioner'. This book might be described as a by-product of the Third Lausanne Congress held in Cape Town in 2010, where Christian leadership was at the forefront of many discussions.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 93 –94 (2013)More Less
For some time we have been lamenting the absence of historical work which takes serious account of advances in the social sciences. Individual monographs focussing in specific context have appeared but here is the first attempt to apply this approach to global Christianity and as it does so it takes substantial account of the missionary contribution and avoids simplistic conclusions based on unsubstantiated generalisations. Throughout there is strong interaction between history and the social sciences in discussing the contribution of Christianity to the transformation of society. This is a composite work drawing on the expertise of experts in their field mainly from the (north) Americas.
Protestant missions and local encounters in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries: Unto the ends of the world, H. Nielssen, I.M. Okkenhaug & K.H. Skeie : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 94 –95 (2013)More Less
It is interesting to note that the subtitle of this book is the same as the title of a book by leading Scots historian, Prof Tom Devine, published in the same year: To the ends of the earth: Scotland's global diaspora. Though one is history and the other mission history, and although the Scots have been intrepid emigrants, and hence, immigrants, they are not alone, certainly in the world of missionary enterprise. This particular book deals with the often overlooked aspect of trans-national mission. What is innovative is that the contributors come from a variety of disciplines. They offer an interesting range of case-studies within an developing Christian empire. But side by side with this, missionaries operated as agents of nation states and this book serves to show how the national and transnational relationships were linked.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 95 –97 (2013)More Less
This book is yet another edition to the emerging corpus of material from the preparation, duration and aftermath of the Edinburgh 2010 world missionary conference. Here we have a valuable resource for discussing the very basics of mission. On what base is the mission of the triune god built. We are offered an innovative threefold answer: exploring experience (despite the lack of clarity in defining experience) , exploring the bible (according to which hermeneutic, geographical location and definition of mission) and exploring theology (from different traditions with a primary focus on the doctrines of the Trinity and the Holy Spirit).
Supporting Asian Christianity's transition from mission to church: A history of the Foundation for theological education in south east Asia, S.C. Pearson (Ed.) : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 97 –98 (2013)More Less
Here is a book that adds substantially to our knowledge of Protestant missions in south-east Asia and to the growth and development of theological education opportunities in particular, especially in the field of contextual theology. It is narrated in considerable detail and focuses on the broader issue of the shift in emphasis in American mission from mission to church aiming at a change in paradigm from traditional mission to 'partnership'. It encompasses the transformation of missions, churches and educational institutions from the Second World War and locates these developments in the context of revolution and colonisation as the Christian community struggled to form indigenous leaders within a complex context replete with a mix of cultural, political and religious agenda.
Handbook of theological education in world Christianity: Theological perspectives, ecumenical trends, regional surveys, D. Werner, D. Esterline, N. Kang & J. Raja (Eds.) : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 41, pp 98 –99 (2013)More Less
This monumental book is perhaps one of the least known but most important works emanating from the preparations for the Edinburgh 2010 world missionary conference. It's inspiration took only two years to materialise making it a work of substantial commitment. It is probably the most comprehensive exercise in gathering material on theological education on global perspective with a focus on the major themes at issue, contextual regional surveys and denominational perspectives ever undertaken within a positive ecumenical climate. Three markers define the approach adopted - quality biblical-theological education, authentic contextualisation and creativity. To these can be added various perspectives which mark recent developments in this field - interfaith dialogue, those with disabilities, HIV/AIDS, women, race, power and migration, post-colonial theological education and its relationship to the missio Dei. All of this comes under the umbrella of the framework of the Kingdom of God which is the prime objective of theological education.