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- Volume 43, Issue 2, 2015
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies - Volume 43, Issue 2, 2015
Volumes & issues
Volume 43, Issue 2, 2015
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 129 –130 (2015)More Less
This edition of Missionalia goes to print at a critical historical juncture in South Africa, as well as our Southern African Development Community (SADC) region. Faith communities and various civil rights movements, unions and political groupings are meeting at different times for discernment on the way forward. However, a key dimension to this journey of discernment, is remembrance. On the one hand, these communities remember the Marikana massacre on a koppie ["little hill"], close to the powerful Lonmin mine on 16 August 2012, as well as the killings that preceded this dark day. Some social commentators, like Tinyiko Maluleke consider this atrocity to be due to a failure of leadership. He concluded his reflections in a weekly newspaper, "The Marikana massacre is not about the commissions of a Mpembe here, a Mbobo there and a Phiyega elsewhere. It is not about public order policing or first aid skills. The Marikana massacre is about a fundamental failure of leadership from the lowest to the highest echelons of our leadership structures, starting with the labour movements, the mining houses and our instruments of democratic administration as well as a blatant shirking of political accountability at the highest levels" (Mail and Guardian, 3 July 2015). Addressing this "failure of leadership" and "blatant shirking of political accountability" should indeed be very high on the agenda of scholars, faith communities and all individuals concerned with transforming mission.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 131 –152 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/43-2-91More Less
The authors analyse the present state of the debate with regards to the African Renaissance, and come to the conclusion that the religious or faith dimensions have been neglected thus far. They regard this as a mistake, given the very important position that religious adherence occupies in African society. They propose that this mistake be rectified, arguing specifically from the perspective of Christian mission, where rebirth plays an important role. They propose that the implementation of the African Renaissance be correlated to the seven stages of the cycle of mission praxis.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 153 –165 (2015)More Less
The history of Christian mission in Africa has been associated with colonialism. Thus Christianity came demonizing indigenous religions and everything associated with them. However, considering the place of indigenous religions in the lives of many Africans, theologians and other scholars of religion have observed that many Christians walk with one leg in the indigenous religion and the other in Christianity. Using the missionary styles of Paul of the New Testament, especially as reflected in Acts of the Apostles, this paper argues that the future of Christian mission in Africa should engage interreligious dialogue.
Rethinking Biblical hermeneutics for mobilizing Christian believers to proclaim the Good News in a post-secular ageAuthor Dirk Van der MerweSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 166 –185 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/43-2-71More Less
The continuous changing of the zeitgeist, from modernism through postmodernism to metamodernism (post-secularism), contributes to the continuous changes in our societies, which undoubtedly lead to changes in the area of religion, in particular the Christian religion. This has resulted in a dichotomy - on the one hand we have religious diversity and decay, and on the other hand church growth and an increasing interest in Christian spirituality, depending on which part of the world is focussed. In order to address these changes from a Christian perspective, biblical hermeneutics has to be amended to make the Christian kerugma in a post-secular age more relevant, and to make Christian living in a post-secular age viable. In order to proclaim the gospel in a post-secular age, Christian believers will have to build friendships, while the gospel should be reformulated and redefined in a remix idiom. To succeed in addressing the spiritual needs of Christians and to mobilise them to proclaim the gospel, the church will have to pay much more attention to Christian spirituality and the embodiment of the kingdom of God (and the divine self) in the lives of believers and in the world.
Author Ezequiel De SouzaSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 186 –194 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/43-2-94More Less
Introduction: In the early 1970s, social movements directed Latin American theology to a creative process of deprivatization of the Christian faith, reconfiguring - from the community practices of liberation and their holistic implications - the theoretical exercise concerning its political and social commitment. Consequently, the notion of liberation began to be addressed by the opposite equivalent of dependency within the methodological framework of the biblical-theological approach. Objective: To understand the meaning of the opposite correlation between liberation and dependency from their specificities in accordance with the vision of liberation intellectuals, and identify the way in which dependency was appropriate to respond to the responsive and socio-analytical theoretical framework of these intellectuals, linking the reading of reality to the Latin American community practice. Methods: Historical and systematic research, exploratory, under an analytical-descriptive orientation, organized from conceptual schemes. Results: Based on the finding regarding the theoretical refraction of dependency through liberation, the concept emerges as the theological interpretation of an entire theoretical field taken indistinctly, namely the Dependency Theory. Conclusion: The opposite correlation between dependency and liberation as a finding that reveals the similarity between the real that is theorized (dependency) and the hypothetical conceptualization of maxims of action (liberation), comprehended within the general theory of anti-imperialism, resulted in an interdisciplinary theological reflection.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 195 –217 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/43-2-95More Less
The article deals with four research-related ethical questions that stem from the author's experiences in fieldwork. The author employs the liberationist tradition as a sounding board in her reflection. This tradition gives rise to the ethical questions that she deals with, among other influences, and also works as a lens through which she navigates the ethical dilemmas. She argues that such ethical reflection is timely because of the increasing interest in ethnographic methods in theology and theological ethics. The liberationist lens - which is consciously biased in its choice of socially marginalised people and groups as interlocutors and is geared towards just social transformation - offers a useful approach to interrogating fieldwork ethics, also for scholars operating outside of the field of (liberation) theology. Besides the key contribution of the article, that is, reflecting on the relevant ethical questions related to the research, the author suggests that a wider and more systematic usage of ethnographic tools could benefit the liberationist tradition, which indeed emphasises the importance of lived experience, at this point in time, when many of those writing in the liberationist tradition are full-time academics.
Author Hannes KnoetzeSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 218 –231 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/43-2-96More Less
This article contributes to the development of an African Child Theology and will attend to the implications of Together towards Life (TTL) and Evangelii Gaudium (EG) for an African Child Theology. The article wants to answer the following question: What theological understanding is needed to indicate the distinct contribution of the African child to the understanding of the revelation history of God? The history of Christian mission, especially in Africa, has been characterised by conceptions of geographical expansion from a Christian centre, namely Europe, to the "unreached territories" (cf TTL 5). In the new understanding and new generation of mission, the church must focus on marginalised children as "unreached territories", an essential group through which God conveys his love to the world. In developing an African Child Theology, consideration must be given to applicable and relevant statements in TTL and EG. We live in a world with many spirits (TTL 25), where people are looking for joy, not as a relationship from within, but in "the feverish pursuit of frivolous pleasures, and a blunted conscience" (EG 2). Within African Theologies, we concur with TTL (23) on "our spiritual connection with creation". These three statements imply some specific African contextual considerations for a child theology. A classic understanding defines theology as a "faith seeking understanding". In the African church, Father Augustine's understanding takes the form, "I believe in order that I may understand" (Migliore 2014:2). It is in this regard that the article will look at African Child Theology as seeking a deeper understanding of God's revelation through the hermeneutical lens of the African child.
Integrating Suum-ngi theology of peace in Gindiri theological seminary curriculum in Nigeria - an African theological perspectiveSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 232 –247 (2015) http://dx.doi.org/10.7832/43-2-102More Less
This article argues that Gindiri theological seminary in Nigeria has done little or nothing to include issues of peace in theological education for the pastors in Church of Christ in Nations (COCIN) of Nigeria. Consequently the Church of Christ in Nations seems to have failed to engage adequately in promoting peace among their members in the national search for peace and religious tolerance in Nigeria. The article further argues that the theological seminary which produces pastors and lay church leaders for pastoral ministry has a responsibility to equip pastors with necessary tools for responding to peace challenges facing the country. Therefore, the article advocates for the mainstreaming of Suum-ngi theology of peace in the curriculum of Gindiri Theological Seminary.
14th Assembly of the International Association For Mission Studies August 11-17, 2016 Seoul, South Korea "Conversions and Transformations - Missiological Approaches to Religious Change" : call to papersSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 248 –251 (2015)More Less
At the Seoul-2016 IAMS Assembly, we are going to examine issues of conversion and religious change from the multiple perspective shaping contemporary mission studies. The issues of conversion and religious change have not received enough scholarly attention by missiologists and Christian theologians working in the discipline. In many ways the questions of conversion and transformation have been dealt with by other sciences, such as social studies, general psychology and psychology of religion, philosophy, developmental studies, pedagogy, etc. These questions have often been answered by theologians and missiologists who would employ historical or denominational approaches to conversion and transformation; at the same time, we need wider exchange of views, thus better clarifying our own Christian view on theses issues.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 252 –253 (2015)More Less
The second focusses specifically on theology and culture. Here African theology is a derivative of African 'primal religion' where knowledge of God is not dependent on missionary intervention but is a recognised as having its own distinctive integrity and which may have a pre-Christian and pluralistic origin. Bediako stresses that culture is not a deterrent to faith and mat indeed provide a vehicle for its growth through communication/translation embedded in language. As the gospel is inculturated the Christian message is reconfigured in particular contexts.
The new evangelisation: Faith, people, context and practice, Grogan P. & Kim K. (Eds.) : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 253 –254 (2015)More Less
The Roman Catholic Church has attained a fresh prominence in global Christianity since the election of Francis as pope and the publication of his apostolic exhortation Evangelium Gaudium in which evangelism is located in the pastoral ministry as well as the re-evangelisation of the lapsed and mission ad gentes. But Francis went beyond his predecessors in linking evangelisation not only to preaching and teaching; he extended it to include the challenge of globalisation as a threat to teaching concerning the kingdom of God.
A missiology of the road; Early perspectives in David Bosch's theology of mission and evangelism, Livingston J.K. : book reviewSource: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43 (2015)More Less
On first sight this book offers a reinterpretation of David Bosch's magnificent contribution to the theology of mission in the twentieth century. It offers a lively introduction to the person and work of Bosch setting him firmly within his Afrikaner context and gives an interesting outline of his theology of mission with perhaps a disproportionate amount of space to the topic of evangelism. He outlines challenges to Bosch's missiology but misses out his attention to the role of women and the already pressing situation of the rise of Pentecostalism. Perhaps this betrays his own preferences. Ten chapters are divided into sections on Bosch in context, his theology of mission and evangelism, and critical dimensions for a missionary church. These are well summarised but offer no significantly new interpretation among the many works devoted to Bosch's theology of mission.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 256 –257 (2015)More Less
This book is an enjoyable and informative read which reveals the joys (mostly) and despairs of an African missionary working in the USA. It exposes readers to current thinking and practice in missiological thinking and can be a useful resource for those working with and in immigrant diaspora. Communities. This is area in which there is a great need for intercultural understanding and this book is a serious attempt to provide it. It is written out of diligent study and experience within the church and it reflects the rapidly changing face of church and mission today. We are clearly living in a new era of mission and this is vastly different from the colonial form of mission we all recognise. This is often characterised by the term 'reverse mission' but that is a misnomer but it is a necessary attitude towards mission taking account of the decline of Christianity in the West. To remain a global faith Christianity needs to humble itself in the name of the redevelopment of Christianity worldwide. However, this takes place within a very culturally diverse Christian faith where diaspora Christians often exist quite apart from the Christian communities in which they live, partly because of the community they find there. A significant difference is that many diaspora Christians do not migrate primarily to propagate their faith - yet they bring their faith expression with them and it is not easily welcomed or integrated in traditional western Christian forms, eg. of worship. This postcolonial firm of Christianity is therefore unique.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 257 –258 (2015)More Less
Yet another book emerges from the preparations for the World Missionary Conference, 2010, this time lauding the mission history of the nation that hosted both the 1910 and 2010 conferences. In fact, the issue regarding the venue is an apologetic theme in the papers presented here by Ross and Breitenbach.
Source: Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies 43, pp 258 –260 (2015)More Less
Missional spirituality is one of the most exciting and dynamic trends to emerge in the study of missiology recently. Its relationship to matters ecological make it more topical and less individualistic in a world facing environmental catastrophe. Never was the time more opportune for human beings to work out their identity along with our relationship with God and our destiny in such a situation. Therefore, the subject is the formation of the pilgrim people of God with God and creation. This formation has a number of dimensions and these are the subject of this book. Spirituality is about worship in its widest sense and worship is about doxology - giving God the glory. Formation is about establishing a nurturing discipline in all people and their life's direction and end which is the kingdom of God. Following David Bosch's definition it as a Spirituality of the road (1979) in which God is the caller and we the respondents. In this process we gave freedom to choose and to act humbly and responsibly in the face of the great challenge we have been presented with. This process had five dimensions and to each a chapter is devoted.