The HIV and AIDS epidemic arrived in Brazil as a "gay cancer", a narrative created mostly through the media before actual cases were diagnosed. This narrative has remained strong and powerful maintaining the stigma and discrimination against people with HIV and AIDS. Any truthful and honest theological or church response to the epidemic will have to deal with this "ghost" even when the focus is moved from the LGBT community to speak of other vulnerable subjects and groups. The first part of this article shows how the "gay cancer" narrative was constructed in the context of an emerging homosexual movement and major political changes in the country. The second part of the article presents some of the responses in the field of religion in the Brazilian context, how they reinforced the "gay cancer" narrative, but also how more positive answers were given, especially in the early years of the epidemic. It also makes explicit the virtual absence of a systematic theological reflection, even in the context of Latin American Liberation Theology, mostly because of the difficulty in dealing with structural issues that deepen and make more complex class and economic poverty. The third part of the article reports the creation and reactions to the HIV and AIDS prevention campaign "Not even the Saint protects you - Use condom" in the context of the 15th São Paulo GLBT Pride Parade in 2011. The fourth and final part makes some theological remarks emerging from the narrative of the advertising campaign in the search for an out of the closet theology in the context of the HIV and AIDS epidemic.
This book offers considerable insight into one of the most historically isolated countries in Africa from the period of the early church. This isolation - geographical, economic and political - has enabled its culture to be preserved perhaps more than any of its neighbours. Traditionally, this is a nation of one faith, that of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church. But since the opening up of the country which destroyed its fierce sense of independence, beginning with the United States controlled modernisation of former Emperor Haile Selassie and continuing through Mengistu's Marxist-Leninist regimes, both Islam and evangelical Christianity have grown significantly. To all this, which began as a doctoral thesis, the author adds an evangelical perspective and years of experience, and the result is edifying, especially in terms of cultural change and resistance.
This is a book about coerced migration and resultant sexual and other kinds of exploitation. It is about a very sensitive and unpleasant subject, pone which we would, in reality sweep under the carpet and try to forget it exists. Yet, more and more it is in our faces and we cannot ignore it or pretend it does not exist in our sophisticated societies. And yet, it is supported because there is a demand for it. It is economically viable; not only that, it is extremely profitable; otherwise people would not take such grave risks to promote it. Today, it is a matter of global concern and then authors have done well to provide a valuable resource for those of us who simply do not know how to identify the problem and its victims and how to respond to it.
One might be forgiven for thinking that the Salvation Army (SA) was at the forefront of the struggle for social and political justice as a result of the scant knowledge we have of its actual history. Our perceptions have often by coloured by peering through rose-coloured spectacles out of admiration for its achievements among the downtrodden in society. In this book, Norman Hutchinson implies that the 'Sally Arm' has capitalised on such perceptions. Certainly it has been extremely reticent regarding exposing valuable documentary sources to public scrutiny and even its servants have recoiled for offering too much information in interviews. Despite this, Murdoch, facing a long term life threatening struggle with Alzheimers disease, has provided an extremely credible and valuable contribution to the historiography on Salvationism in Zimbabwe, though not restricted to it.