oa Mosenodi - An evaluation of Autonomy in the current Teacher Education



The purpose of this study was to measure the emergence of autonomy over differing contexts in the physical education teacher education program at the University of Botswana. The participants in this study were twenty-five students in their third year enrolled in the Bachelors degree program and thirty-six second year diploma in Physical Education students at the University of Botswana over a two year period Changes in the facilitation (autonomy among the participants were measured using the Steers and Braunstein (1976) Manifest Need Questionnaire. The results indicated that the different groups responded differently to the learning environment presented Those groups who had previously experienced some independence in planning and implementing lessons showed a greater increase in autonomy while those experiencing independence for the first time that year showed less autonomy. The result suggest that not only must the learning environment be provided, hut that teachers in this case pre-service teachers, must alo5o he taught how to use that learning environment / or professional growth.


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