Mosenodi - Volume 11, Issue 2, 2003
Volume 11, Issue 2, 2003
Author Setlhomo KoloiSource: Mosenodi 11, pp 5 –21 (2003)More Less
This study was done to establish content evidence for the validity of the Proficiency Examinations and to examine the officers' perceptions on use of Proficiency Examinations as tools for selecting officers for promotion in the Botswana Police Service. Participants in the study were Training Officers and Curriculum Experts, both based at the Botswana Police College and Botswana Police Sergeants selected from different Police units. Data was collected through rating-scales, in which officers matched and rated the proficiency examinations to the objectives of the Botswana Police Service, to determine the content evidence of the examinations that were used and a questionnaire was used to survey the perceptions of officers on the use of Proficiency Examinations This study has revealed the absence of content validity of the examinations, that is, the examinations are not representative of the objectives and are not relevant to the aims of the Botswana Police Service. The study has revealed dissatisfaction with the promotional systems largely based on written tests because they have been besieged by problems, which have serious implications, more especially, the validity information they provide as tools for selecting employees for promotion. As a result, the use of alternative assessment measures, which contribute to the implementation of non-discriminatory personnel policies has been recommended.
Students' perceptions on the prevalence and determinants of copying during examinations at University of BotswanaSource: Mosenodi 11, pp 22 –35 (2003)More Less
Cheating during testing is a serious psychometric as well as a social problem. It renders a test useless: as a psychological measurement instrument; as a means of data collection for input into evaluation and research; as a means of ensuring social justice; as a means of efficient identification and development of human resources; as a source of data which serves as input into decision making, policy formulation and implementation. To determine, through students' perception, the prevalence and determinants of copying during examinations at UB, a questionnaire survey of 354 fifth-year students at the university was carried out. Through statistical analysis of the resulting data, using mainly population and independent t-tests, as well as one-way ANOVA, the level of copying during examinations at UB was found to be significant and factors, which significantly determine such behaviour, were identified and discussed. Recommendations were made as to how to attempt tosolve this obnoxious problem at UB.
Students' psycho-social perceptions of the role of adult education in combating gender-based violenceAuthor Nelly RaditloanengSource: Mosenodi 11, pp 36 –48 (2003)More Less
Adult education is a field that pays special attention to addressing the plight of disadvantaged groups, including women. Adult educators are also concerned about gender justice and womenï¿½s empowerment. Available research, consultancy reports, workshop and conference papers, indicate that various forms' of gender-based violence are increasing in Botswana (Botswanaï¿½s National Gender Framework, 2000).
Removing the veil: presenting and addressing sexual violenceand young women's reproductive health in a Nigerian UniversitySource: Mosenodi 11, pp 49 –63 (2003)More Less
Recently, in tertiary institutions in Nigeria, the incidence of rape and sexual harassment has assumed epidemic proportions and is identified as one of the greatest problems facing female under-graduates. Considering the pervasiveness and frequency of rape and sexual harassment in these institutions, the study considers it germane to focus on the female victims of these forms of sexual violence with a view to assessing the consequences on their reproductive health. A qualitative research approach, involving interactive discussions, observations and examination of official documents, was adopted to collect and discuss relevant data on six reported cases in a Nigerian university within a four-year period. The results showed high consequential impact of the sexual violence act on the victims. Apart from the physical impacts, the result also highlighted a high level of emotional and behavioral damage inflicted on the victims of rape and sexual harassment. The need to train healthcare providers to give holistic medical care' to victims of sexual violence was identified.