oa Mosenodi - School fees, globalization and development



The reintroduction of school fees is part of the neo-liberal globalization Juggernaut which signifies the rupturing of the global consensus on the right to education by transforming education from a right to a commodity. In 2000 Botswana adopted the policy of privatization of state corporations. Globally since 1995, the World Trade Organization, through its General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) has been spearheading the commercializing of education. This paper examines the links between education and development and traces the evolution of globalization. It contends that the extension of globalization into social services like education will compromise Botswana's development prospects and harm underprivileged members of this society. Because of e:rtreme inequalities Botswana needs more, not less, state provision of social services to ensure a greater interface between growth and human development. School fees are likely to exacerbate inequalities. The paper concludes by positing an alternative cost-recovery strategy built into the concept of education with production.


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