Mosenodi - Volume 13, Issue 1-2, 2005
Volume 13, Issue 1-2, 2005
Attitudes of the key stake-holders of primary education of Botswana: regarding the importance of information and Communication Technology (ICT) in primary schoolsAuthor Kabita BoseSource: Mosenodi 13, pp 6 –19 (2005)More Less
A comprehensive study was conducted in primary schools of the Southern region of Botswana, to determine the attitudes of the main stakeholders of primary education (i.e. teachers, pupils and parents) regarding the importance of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in primary education. The Office of Research and Development (ORD), University of Botswana, funded the study. The findings showed that the majority of teachers, pupils and parents, in both government and private schools, value and support the idea of ICT in primary school education although the private schools had an edge over government schools in most cases. However, the challenge is to make information technology accessible to all primary schools and to develop a conducive environment by planning and providing the required infrastructure and resources. The findings of the study led to a few recommendations.
A study of the thematic apperception test hero figure identification with a sample of Botswana adults : concurrent and construct validationAuthor Mary A. OnyewadumeSource: Mosenodi 13, pp 20 –32 (2005)More Less
This study was an attempt to establish the hero identification properties of Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) in Botswana. The sample of study comprised seventy -nine randomly selected non-clinical samples of adults (thirty-two males and forty-seven females) in Gaborone, the capital of Botswana. Twenty TA T Cards were used as the research instrument t. Obtained data were subjected to content analysis. Results showed that TAT Card validy elicited hero identification responses from the participants of the study. Further study of the TAT in Botswana is recommended
Author Johnson H. NentySource: Mosenodi 13, pp 33 –47 (2005)More Less
An etymological analysis of education and assessment reveals a closer relationship between them than is currently credited. Largely because this relationship has not been adequately explored and utilized, education has not been quite successful in accomplishing its missions of 'leading forth' and 'causing to develop' the potential of every child. More often than not, teaching which operationalizes education in a formal setting has involved less of the skill of 'sitting beside' a growing child to collect valid information with which to ensure valid identification of potential and maximization of growth, than 'assisting the judge' to determine the level of success of these endeavours. Analysis of both processes - education and assessment - reveals the necessity of assessment for any effective teaching process. Based on the results of such analyses, this paper makes appropriate recommendations that will ensure a more lucrative involvement of assessment in teaching in primary and secondary schools.
Author Motshedisi B. SaboneSource: Mosenodi 13, pp 48 –62 (2005)More Less
The changing of gender roles demands that, we examine how men and women negotiate their new roles and the impact that these changes have on their lives and those of their families. The aim of this study was to descriptionbe the experiences of men and women with regard to their gender roles in the household. A purposive sample of seven women and six men was recruited from Gaborone and Molepolole, A total of 13 men and 'women were sampled of age range 31-50 years - who had been in marriage or cohabiting relationships. Data collection was face-to-face, with the use an interview guide. Findings revealed that role assignment was gender-based. Men participating in household work had not internalized the role change. The main source of conflict was the poverty imbalance between men and women. Men were happy with the power differences, whereas women wanted the status quo to change.
Source: Mosenodi 13, pp 65 –76 (2005)More Less
In this paper, we present the result of a detailed investigation and analysis of variables associated with students with visual impairment learning music in Botswana s schools. Data were collected through oral interviews and participatory observation from students with visual impairment and their teachers in primary, junior and senior secondary schools, as well as vocational institutions. Also, the interviews were extended to a rehabilitation centre graduate [vocational], who is in the music industry and has released some albums. Moreover, the issue of staff-training was investigated in this research. The findings of the study revealed an acute need for a strong music education programme, which should start at an early learning stage for students with visual impairment, to prepare and nurture their musical talent. The perceptions of students with visual impairment revealed that, given an opportunity, they would pursue music as a career. The findings showing heightened respondents 'interest in and enthusiasm for the discipline further supported the idea that music should be taught in the early stages of development. Such teaching should include playing different musical instruments, in addition to vocal choral / singing which is currently taking place in Botswana schools. Recommendations are made to enhance the development of appropriate and relevant quality of music education for students with visual impairment.
Occupational exposure to HIV infection and the use of universal precautions : the situation of obstetric and gynecological units in one referral hospital in BotswanaSource: Mosenodi 13, pp 77 –88 (2005)More Less
Nurse-midwives are in frequent contact with blood and body fluids and are at greater risk of occupational exposures. As such they are expected to protect themselves, while providing care. Occupational exposure among health care workers results mostly from needle pricks, blood and body fluid splashes. This raises questions regarding availability of engineering controls, and the appropriate use of Universal Precautions during practice. This study was conducted to determine the availability and adequacy of engineering controls; assess the condition of these controls, and explore nurse-midwives awareness of such controls. Observation and check lists were used to collect data, and findings indicated that most units do not have adequate engineering controls necessary to practice Universal Precautions. However, most nurse-midwives were aware of the need for engineering controls in most units. Based on these findings, one may conclude that health workers in the studied units were not protected and were therefore at risk of acquiring HIV infection during client care.
Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) students' perceptions of the management of coursework assignments (a case for two regional centres)Author Grace T. MukeredziSource: Mosenodi 13, pp 89 –111 (2005)More Less
The research sought to determine Zimbabwe Open University (ZOU) Students 'perceptions of assignment management. Descriptive survey design was used and questionnaires gathered data from a conveniently selected sample of 108 respondents. Qualitative data presentation and analysis were employed. Assignments were an effective teaching tool and questions were of appropriate quality. Handling of students' written assignments at regional centers was unprocedural and submission dates were closely staggered. Regional libraries were thinly stocked and the supply of the course modules were often erratic. Assignment marking was not professional and timeous. The research recommended that libraries be sufficiently stocked and module supply improved so that modules are available on registration. Assignment due dates be appropriately staggered to enable adequate research and moderation of marked assignments be instituted, to assure and control quality.