oa Mosenodi - Trainee Science Teachers' Views Towards Ethnoscience and Science Education in Botswana and Papua New Guinea
This paper presents data arising from a study of Botswana trainee secondary science teachers' perceptions of traditional ethno-scientific constructs and their attitudes towards a role for ethnoscience in fonnal science education, with reference to similar studies earlier carried out in Papua New Guinea. It wasfound that students generally exhibited a low level of adherence to 'physical' ethnoscientific models, but that beliefs in paranomzal phenomena such as sorcery/witchcraft and evil spirits were common, as they were in Papua New Guinea. Significant differences arose for these between students who categorised themselves as Christian and those who did not. Attitudes cowards a place for ethnoscience in science education were generally markedly negative compared with those of Papua New Guinea trainee science teachers, especially among women, although students who expressed a comparatively high level of adherence to the 'physical' ethnoscientific paradigms presented were more likely to be supportive of this inclusion.
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