oa Mosenodi - The status of physical education in Botswana primary schools



The study conducted in 1997-98, aimed at evaluating the status of PE as a time-tabled subject in Botswana schools. The sample of 100 schools included private and government primary schools and also urban and rural schools. The specific variables focused upon included: availability and adequacy of a curriculum; teaching methods: teacher education preparation, available of qualified teachers, availability of facilities and equipment and availability of supporting policy. Questionnaires, interviews and observation were the main tools used to gather data. The data collected were analysed separately for government schools and private schools. It was found that physical education was time-tabled in 95 percent of the sampled schools. Where PE lessons were taught in Government schools it was more in the form of supervised play compared to private schools where it was taught like any other subject. Available facilities in the government schools are grossly inadequate and are only for soccer, athletics and netball unlike in private school, where faculties are available for a variety of sports. In the private schools, school approved curriculums were used whereas in the government schools each teacher taught whatever they wanted. The situation has implications for some aspects of Botswana's national development particularly, children's recreation, physical fitness, health, and elite and international sports.


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