Mousaion - Volume 22, Issue 2, 2004
Volumes & issues
Volume 22, Issue 2, 2004
Information needs and information-seeking behaviour of leisure tourists : a pilot study of professional black women in PretoriaAuthor Felicite A. Fairer-WesselsSource: Mousaion 22, pp 136 –149 (2004)More Less
The article discusses the information needs and information-seekingbehaviour of professional black women as leisure tourists. Thisdiscussion focuses on the pilot study that is undertaken in the field oftourism to test the feasibility of such an investigation to be done on anational basis. As little research exists on the information needs andtravel patterns of black South Africans in general, the research appearswarranted. A literature survey is undertaken to ground the concepts ofneed, motives, values, information sources and searching strategies inorder to provide a framework for the empirical investigation. Theinformation needs and seeking behaviour of the pilot group arepresented and certain conclusions are drawn that postulate this pilotgroup as manifesting mainly physiological needs of escapism, usingtraditional information sources, including word-of-mouth sources, andseeking strategies with no adoption of information technology such asthe WWW or Internet.
Information and communication technologies in Library and Information Science education in South AfricaAuthor Mabel K. Minishi-MajanjaSource: Mousaion 22, pp 150 –171 (2004)More Less
Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have becomecentral in the education and training of Library and InformationScience/Service (LIS) because of the great influence of thesetechnologies on the profession. The purpose of this study was todetermine the extent to which ICTs are applied in research, teaching,learning and academic administration, and establish the levels of ICTsupport available in South African LIS schools in terms of policies,infrastructure, hardware and human resource. The descriptive surveymethod was applied. Questionnaires were electronically mailed to 15LIS education departments in January 2003, out of which 9 (60%)responded. Some of the data was updated by respondents in July 2004.The findings indicated that all LIS departments in South Africa hadresponded to ICT developments by offering a wide range of ICTmodules and embracing the use of ICTs in teaching, research andacademic administration. It was observed that changes or modificationsin existing qualifications and programmes are ongoing activities inseveral institutions. The majority of LIS departments in South Africahave interactive Web pages within the respective university/technikonWebsites. However, for teaching and learning, only a few of the LISschools used ICTs in presentation of lectures, while for research, teleconferencingand e-publishing ICTs were not yet extensively exploited.The study recommends that South African LIS schools should increasethe use of ICTs in teaching and learning, as is the case in administration,to foster greater effectiveness. South African LIS schools should takeadvantage of experiences of online and distance education already wellestablished among some universities in South Africa, in order to reachwork-bound and other disadvantaged students due to distance fromlearning centres. The advantages of good Internet access should also beexploited and a mechanism for supporting accessibility be lobbied forstudents from the technologically disadvantaged areas.
A socio-cognitive approach to teaching indexing and abstracting : bridging the gap between information retrieval research and praxisSource: Mousaion 22, pp 172 –190 (2004)More Less
A socio-cognitive approach to document representation in addition tothe systems-orientated approach might solve problems in informationretrieval (IR). If introduced in a simplified and pragmatic manner in theteaching of indexing and abstracting, it might also help to bridge the gapbetween IR theory and indexing and abstracting praxis. The purpose ofinformation retrieval systems (IRSs), information retrieval and theproblems with IR research is considered as background to a socio-cognitiveapproach. Academic interpretations of the socio-cognitiveapproach as well as a simplified interpretation more suitable to teachingpractice are considered. The latter is used to suggest a model of learningcontent, a constructivistic learning environment, learning experiencesbased on collaborative learning, and portfolio assessment.
Source: Mousaion 22, pp 191 –211 (2004)More Less
Distance teaching programmes can offer working adults valuableopportunities for furthering their careers in a dynamic indexing andabstracting environment that includes database indexing, book indexingand Web indexing. On the basis of experience gained at the Universityof South Africa (UNISA), a study of the practice of distance teachingand an instructional design model developed by the author, suggestionsare offered for the design of distance teaching programmes for indexersand abstractors. The model specifies the aspects to consider, namelyteaching philosophy, characteristics of distance teaching (including thebenefits and disadvantages), situation analysis, formulation of aims andlearning outcomes, actual development of the programme (including theselection of media and teaching strategies), selection of assessmentmethods, offering of learner support and evaluation of the programme.Suggestions are made for the teaching of indexing and abstracting,bearing in mind that there are different models of distance teachingprogrammes. The choice of a model would depend on the particularsituation (e.g. the availability of information technology infrastructure).
Source: Mousaion 22, pp 212 –229 (2004)More Less
This article reports on an investigation into the information needs ofAfrikaans L1 language teachers in South Africa. The main data collectionmethods were focus group discussions, a questionnaire and unstructuredinterviews. The most important information needs that were identified, werethose pertaining to classroom activities, curricula and supportive studymaterial. Interesting differences between the information needs of primaryand high school teachers were found. Factors that impact on the informationneeds of Afrikaans L1 teachers are, among others, the changing curriculum,the nature of languages as a subject, a high workload, extramural activitiesand pressures with regard to examination results. The research revealed thatit is of the utmost importance that those who have to supply languageteachers with information are aware of their information needs in order toimprove the standard of language teaching in South Africa.
Author Sagren MoodleySource: Mousaion 22, pp 230 –254 (2004)More Less
In this article the author attempts to assess both the analytical and evaluativeclaims of the 'information society' thesis. There are two different viewsregarding the speed and extent of change brought about by information andcommunication technology (ICT) in society. At one extreme, currentdevelopments are seen as a continuation of the past, while acknowledgingthat substantive changes, both qualitative and quantitative, are taking placein society. At the other end, authors such as Daniel Bell and Manuel Castellsdeclare that a fundamentally new kind of society (i.e., an 'informationsociety') is emerging, in which information and communication technology(ICT) has an all-pervasive revolutionary potential. Both strands in the debateaccord information a special place in understanding contemporary society,but differ with respect to their perception of the relationship betweentechnology and social change. It is the contention of this article that we aresimply witnessing the effects of a new and powerful technology on<I>historically determined social structures</I>. The sum of the changes inherent inwhat proponents refer to as the information society, which supposedlyamounts to a shift beyond industrial capitalism, is at best debatable. It seemsmore a matter of faith than hard evidence.