Mousaion - Volume 24, Issue 2, 2006
Volumes & issues
Volume 24, Issue 2, 2006
AIDS in South Africa : a bibliometric study on HIV / AIDS literature in South Africa from 1982 to 2002Source: Mousaion 24, pp 185 –210 (2006)More Less
The pandemic of HIV / AIDS has been felt by nations throughout the world. This epidemic imposes a strain on the already limited resources of a country and, therefore, a better understanding of the disease is continuously being sought. This research aims to help the information requirements of HIV / AIDS researchers in the country through a bibliometric study.
This study consisted of an investigation into the patterns of authorship and the publications of academic institutions in the sciences, medical institutions and affiliated organisations in South Africa. The focus was on HIV / AIDS literature for the period 1982-2002. Published literature in the sciences and medicine from two internationally recognised databases were used for the assessment. These were: ISI Science Citation Index Expanded and MEDLINE (OVID).
A total of 2 281 records formed the basis of the analysis. The results of the study demonstrate exponential growth in the literature (as might be expected). Because of the multidisciplinary nature of the disease, research is scattered in a variety of discipline-based journals. South African researchers publish mainly in journals and the South African Medical Journal is the most productive in the field of HIV / AIDS. It is evident that there is a certain amount of collaboration in the research work on this subject. The results also demonstrate that South African researchers are fast becoming internationally recognised in the field of HIV / AIDS research. The Medical Research Council emerged as the leader in South Africa's research efforts on HIV / AIDS. Of the academic institutions, the University of the Witwatersrand is the most productive institution, followed by the then University of Natal.
Source: Mousaion 24, pp 211 –231 (2006)More Less
The Constitution of South Africa recognises the multicultural nature of its citizens by stating that the South African nation consists of a diversity of cultural, religious and linguistic communities where everyone has the right to use the language and to participate in the cultural life of their choice (South Africa, 1996).
As a public enterprise, public libraries need to acknowledge the Constitution and provide products and services that support the cultural, religious and linguistic diversity of South Africa's communities (LIASA Policies 2005). A study into the services and products offered by public libraries, specifically in Region Eight of the City of Johannesburg Library and Information Services (CJLIS), examined the role that public libraries are playing in supporting the multicultural nature of the communities they serve.
It became evident from the investigation that, although policy documents that encourage the principle of providing equitable services and collections to culturally diverse communities do exist, public libraries - such as the CJLIS, Region Eight, which operates within a culturally diverse environment - often do not provide these. Possible reasons for the current situation were identified. Based on the research findings, recommendations on the development of multicultural library services and collections were made which may be applied - not only to the CJLIS - but also to other public libraries in South Africa that have to serve culturally diverse communities.
Rethinking leadership roles for the academic library : the attitudes of library staff towards a leadership-driven academic information service enterpriseSource: Mousaion 24, pp 232 –248 (2006)More Less
Present-day business enterprises engage all staff members in leadership roles so as to ensure the sustainability of such an enterprise. A leadership-driven enterprise focuses on both the operational leadership structures, which address urgent leadership roles, and other leadership structures which are essential for the sustainability of the enterprise. In the past, some leadership roles were often neglected since the focus fell mostly on the performance of urgent leadership roles pertaining to operational output. This article reports on the results of an investigation into the attitude of staff towards a shared leadership model in terms of its value to the academic information service enterprise, the satisfaction gained by staff performing voluntary leadership roles that do not form part of their job description and the value experienced by these staff members.
Author Charles A. MasangoSource: Mousaion 24, pp 249 –268 (2006)More Less
This paper examines the fact that commercial publishers in the digital environment have introduced licences to govern licensed digital content; scholars believe that the introduction of licences to govern licensed digital content favours the interest of commercial publishers and may result in reduced access to information. Among the possible solutions found is to promote initiatives aimed at giving free access to digital information; this is known as "open access". This paper analyses, from a South African perspective, scholars' and corporate rights holders' perceptions of open access sources. The paper examines whether scholars' use of open access sources has influenced the use of licensed digital content and whether it is possible for the open access sources to act as surrogates to licensed digital information. The paper discusses the reasons for the possible failure of the open access sources, and proposes measures that should be implemented to allow open access sources to excel in the digital environment.
Using memory as a tool to build museum collections with special reference to the UWC- Robben Island Mayibuye Archives : the Robben Island Memories ProjectSource: Mousaion 24, pp 269 –282 (2006)More Less
Robben Island Museum has created a Memories Project to record the 'intangible heritage' of its artefact collection, which is attached to the site. This paper explores how memories of former residents and prisoners were used to contextualise artefacts that have not been well documented.
Examples are used to illustrate some of the ways in which memories and artefacts are combined to give a meaning that highlights the inextricable relationship between the tangible and the intangible aspects of heritage. It also speaks to the validity of using memories in museums today.
The University of South Africa Library : from the Soweto rebellion to the beginning of the end of apartheid, 1976-1990Author Mary-Lynn SuttieSource: Mousaion 24, pp 283 –312 (2006)More Less
This article explores the history of the University of South Africa (Unisa) library from 1976 to 1990. It situates the growth of information services in distance education in South Africa within the context of political protest associated with the Soweto uprising of the mid 1970s and the states of emergency of the mid 1980s. It traces the vicissitudes of the library as it charted a course through educational instability, rising student expectations, the declining value of the South African currency, and increased bureaucratisation and computerisation to offer an efficient and comprehensive service to a wider, more racially mixed, constitutency than the apartheid government ever anticipated. This naturally earned Unisa considerable state approval because it could be paraded as a national, 'non-racial' university at a time when apartheid aroused universal opprobrium. An attempt is also made in the article to reassert the importance of library history as a credible field of research through a case study of South Africa's largest academic library. Its alleged political complicity and ambivalent reputation are examined on the basis of archival and published sources and assessed against the critical debates of the apartheid state which permeated historical, educational and information discourses from the 1970s to the unbanning of the liberation movements in 1990.
Indexing for Southern Africa : A manual compiled in celebration of Asaib's first decade 1994-2004, Jacqueline A. Kalley, Elna Schoeman, & Marlene Burger (eds.). : book reviewAuthor L.M. CloeteSource: Mousaion 24, pp 313 –314 (2006)More Less