Mousaion - Volume 25, Issue 1, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 25, Issue 1, 2007
From adversarialism to cooperation : key implications of the new South African labour dispensation for the library and information sectorSource: Mousaion 25, pp 1 –20 (2007)More Less
The concept of co-determination, which is a fundamental principle underpinning the new South African labour dispensation, is examined. Co-determination represents a deliberate move away from adversarialism to cooperation. As the intention of the legislation is to have employers work together with employees, who are organised collectively into trade unions, the present article examines the effect of the trade union movement on the library and information services (LIS) sector. It identifies factors in the international literature that are seen to have an influence on the growth of trade unionism and traces these within the South African LIS context in relation to four key statutes in the Labour Relations Act. The LIS sector in South Africa is represented by a myriad of "generic" unions and a professional association and this dichotomous system of representation has severely limited its opportunities to exploit the progressive labour dispensation. The sector should therefore re-examine the opportunities offered by the new dispensation. The article focuses in particular on the tertiary education sector.
A conceptual framework for the design of an information management system for higher education in UgandaSource: Mousaion 25, pp 21 –43 (2007)More Less
The design of an information management system (IMS) should be appropriate for the intended environment. This article explores a strategy for designing an IMS that facilitates its integration into the environment for which it is intended - in this case, higher education in Uganda. The article explores the information management challenges in higher education in Uganda in order to guide the design. The different elements of a possible framework for a Student Information Management System (SIMS) are conceptualised and interpreted in the context of higher education in Uganda.
A South African perspective on oncology nurses' need for current awareness services (CAS) via the WWWSource: Mousaion 25, pp 44 –65 (2007)More Less
An exploratory study on the information needs of a small group of South African oncology nurses (i.e. nurses specialising in cancer care), and especially their need for current awareness services (CAS), is reported. Participants included an oncologist, five oncology nurses and an oncology social worker from a medical oncology unit, as well as 16 nursing staff members and a unit manager from two oncology hospital wards in Pretoria (South Africa). They all serve the same patients. Individual questionnaires, focus-group interviews and semi-structured interviews were used for data collection. Although the tasks of the participants concerned are mostly not information intensive and therefore seem not to require the use of CAS, there is conditional interest in CAS. This conditional interest is a result of factors such as working conditions (e.g. working hours, demands of the job), a lack of access to information resources, a lack of computer skills and experience in using the WWW, a lack of motivation to use CAS, the expectations of and limited support from management, and the impact of specific tasks and responsibilities on the need for, and interest in, CAS. Findings of the study are used to suggest actions that can be taken for the purpose of intervention and further research in the South African context.
Current awareness services (CAS) available via the World Wide Web (WWW) in respect of legal informationSource: Mousaion 25, pp 66 –81 (2007)More Less
In a globalised world where current awareness services (CAS) are increasingly being made available on the World Wide Web (WWW), a myriad of electronic services exists to keep users up to date with the latest developments in the legal field. The objective of this article is to gain an understanding of the potential value of such services for users of legal information. To accomplish this, attention will be given to the nature, advantages and disadvantages of CAS, as well as to the information background and needs of legal users as currently reported in the subject literature. Since the users of legal information constitute a unique group of users with a very specific vocabulary and subject field, their information needs are different from those of other groups and will be addressed specifically. Examples of the kind of services available to this specific group, which services range from newsletters and e-mail alerts to listservs, blogs and directories, will be given. Taking all of the above into consideration, the value of CAS for users of legal information will be highlighted, with suggestions being made as to further research that be conducted concerning this user group's needs for CAS.
The design of an Information Literacy Instruction Programme for Upper Elementary Children in the public librarySource: Mousaion 25, pp 82 –98 (2007)More Less
Although the effective handling of information is seen as one of the eight critical outcomes of the South African School Curriculum, many schools limit the teaching of information skills because of insufficient resources, such as a lack of teachers and of adequate media centres. As a result, public librarians have to teach information skills daily and in an informal way in order to support the development of children, especially those in the Upper Elementary Phase. This article reports on the design of an Information Literacy Instruction Programme for Upper Elementary Children for use in the public library. The design of the programme is based on the characteristics of Upper Elementary Children as well as on the components and design principles of an Information Literacy Instruction Programme.
Source: Mousaion 25, pp 99 –116 (2007)More Less
The merging of tertiary institutions in South Africa has created complex institutions with complex library and information services. These mergers, coupled with changing technology, provide the perfect opportunity to abandon traditional library organisational models. Academic information services need to move towards an organisational model that will accommodate the steady plod towards electronic library and information services. This paper explores the possibility of developing a structure in which a department of Innovation is the hub of all library and information service activities. This department of Innovation would have two critical subdepartments, namely Online Services and Research. These subdepartments would provide the academic information service with the capacity to meet both the demands of evolving technology and the changing needs of users in a modern teaching, learning and research environment.
A critical discussion of the art styles used by selected illustrators of South African children's books since the 1950sSource: Mousaion 25, pp 117 –140 (2007)More Less
In this article, an attempt is made to present a critical overview of the creative work of selected illustrators of South African children's books that have been published locally since 1950. The essence of the article lies in the critical discussion of the artistic styles and techniques, as well as mediums, used by illustrators to execute the art works. The analysis of the illustrations has been undertaken according to generally recognised art styles and conventions: realism (including romantic realism and super-realism), naiveté, caricaturisation, as well as stylising with expressive elements and decorative African elements.
Although any critique of an artist's work remains a subjective issue, care has been taken to interview selected artists where there was doubt concerning the style intended. In all instances, a selection of publications illustrated by the mentioned illustrators is presented, with titles in English or Afrikaans, depending on the language of the original publication, although, in some cases, only one of the two was available.
The article concludes with some comments on general and specific themes found in South African children's books as genre, such as multiculturalism and related social issues, Africa's wildlife, unique geographical spaces and indigenous folk tales.
Author Madely Du PreezSource: Mousaion 25, pp 141 –143 (2007)More Less
Steven Cohen published a book, Keeping current, in 2003. In it, he provided practical advice on how busy librarians can stay current while the Web keeps getting bigger and deeper. Cohen gives two reasons why librarians need to keep current: monitoring news and resources for their profession and locating useful resources for their patrons. Keeping current offers readers expert guidelines and insightful evaluations of software and products that help reference librarians do their jobs better, easier and faster.