Mousaion - Volume 25, Issue 2, 2007
Volumes & issues
Volume 25, Issue 2, 2007
Source: Mousaion 25, pp 1 –20 (2007)More Less
It is generally believed that ICT centres will provide developing communities with access to digital information that will place them in a position to bridge the digital divide. Yet there is little evidence of the successful establishment of ICT centres in South Africa. There appears also to be no evidence of a methodology or structured approach for measuring the effectiveness of ICT establishment. This article discusses the application of a proposed approach and measuring instrument that can be used for assessing the effectiveness of the ICT centre establishment. The outcomes of this first longitudinal study of six ITC centres that were established in South Africa highlight the reasons why ICT centres fail and suggest that there are deeper reasons for this failure.
Author Erica CosijnSource: Mousaion 25, pp 21 –36 (2007)More Less
This article describes the development of a morphological normaliser for Cross Language Information Retrieval (CLIR) purposes. Word form normalisation in CLIR is necessary, because plural forms, past tense verbs, etc are not included as dictionary entries and therefore cannot be translated. In the development of this normaliser, a corpus consisting of newspaper text was used to establish rules based on statistics of word form occurrences and to create a stopword list for Afrikaans. The procedure described here can normalise the majority of Afrikaans words (most past tense verb forms, most plural forms and compounds). The normaliser was tested on the original newspaper text in a CLIR environment.
Author Jela SteinerovaSource: Mousaion 25, pp 37 –57 (2007)More Less
This article discusses a study carried out on the relevance of information use as perceived and experienced by doctoral students. Relevance is studied with the use of phenomenographic methodology. Twenty-one students were interviewed with the aim of interpreting their relevance judgments. Analyses are presented in terms of the potential for new patterns of relevance for digital libraries research. Selected results are interpreted from the viewpoint of perception, emotions, metaphors of relevance, criteria, strategies in electronic environment, and organisation of information. In perceptions of relevance, ideas of importance, utility, and value prevail. Metaphors refer to cleaning from the non-substantial, surprise, and understanding as a spontaneous experience. Multiple criteria are applied intuitively as part of situated actions. Emerging patterns of relevance in the electronic environment indicate the need for flexibility, interactivity and collaborative use. Hierarchy and associations of knowledge organisation support relevance judgments. At the same time, creativity and discovery should be allowed. The final conceptual model of the perception and experience of relevance points to a need for participation and decision-making frameworks. Backtracking, serendipity and interaction between individual and collective spaces can add value to relevance patterns for digital library use.
Measuring levels of compliance with legal deposit legislation in South Africa : an exploratory studySource: Mousaion 25, pp 58 –71 (2007)More Less
This article reports on an investigation into the extent to which South African publishers comply with legal deposit. Measuring publishers' level of legal compliance is an important factor in the process of establishing an efficient system of legal deposit in a country, but this study showed such measuring procedures to be lacking. A feasibility study was undertaken, using a variety of methods to check lists of publications, to determine whether they had been received as legal deposit. This investigation proved that measuring publishers' compliance levels is practical and possible in South Africa. The article concludes with a number of recommendations for determining the levels of compliance and with a number of recommended techniques that legal deposit institutions can implement.
Author Madely Du PreezSource: Mousaion 25, pp 72 –94 (2007)More Less
The assumption is often made that engineers do not use conventional information systems or libraries. The purpose of this article is to provide a systematic review of engineers' information needs and information-seeking behaviour. Several models have been developed to study users' information needs and information-seeking behaviour. The Model of Information Seeking of Professionals, developed by Leckie, Pettigrew and Sylvain (1996) provided the framework for this systematic review. The discussion on engineers' information needs and their information-seeking behaviour was based on the following six components of Leckie's model: work roles, associated tasks, characteristics of information needs and factors influencing information seeking, awareness, sources, and outcomes. This review is an attempt to acquire an understanding of the different tasks in which engineers are involved and how these tasks influence their information needs and information-seeking behaviour. This systematic review confirmed the assumption that engineers have specific information needs and that they do, in fact, prefer interpersonal communications to using text-based sources of information. The text-based sources of information used by engineers are generally trade sources. The conclusion highlights issues that still need to be researched.
Source: Mousaion 25, pp 95 –119 (2007)More Less
This article covers the history of bibliographic control in South Africa, with the focus on the legislation regulating legal deposits and a national agency for bibliographic control, and the various role players (eg interest groups, bibliographic networks, the national archival service and service providers for bibliographic control tools). A selection of bibliographic control tools, including union catalogues, bibliographies, indexes and databases, as well as advisory groups and research reports, are also discussed.
Source: Mousaion 25, pp 120 –140 (2007)More Less
The article presents the findings of a study which examined the role of Kenya National Archives and Documentation Service (KNADS) in the management of records in 18 government ministry headquarters in Nairobi, Kenya. Data was collected (in 2005) through questionnaires sent out to 157 registry staff, and through interviews conducted with 10 senior government officers and six archive personnel from Nairobi Records Centre and KNADS headquarters. The research findings revealed that, even though KNADS provided records management advice to government departments, the record creating agencies did not adequately implement this advice.
The study established that KNADS faced various challenges in providing records management advice to government departments and that this may compromise public service delivery and the effective management of government information. The challenges that were identified included : inadequate human and financial resources, lack of support from senior government officers, low priority accorded to records management in government departments, lack of regular follow-ups on recordkeeping practices in departments, and inadequacies in existing records and archives legislation. The study concluded that KNADS had not effectively helped record-creating agencies to properly manage their records (largely owing to the constraints it faced). Among the key recommendations of the study is that, given the limited resources available, there is need to review existing records and archives legislation in order to divide responsibilities for recordkeeping between KNADS and government departments.
A review of books on information seeking and retrieval research
Africa : a guide to reference material, 2nd revised and expanded edition, J. McIlwaine, (comp) : book reviewAuthor Abdul Samed BemathSource: Mousaion 25, pp 141 –142 (2007)More Less
Professor McIlwaine states that the majority of titles are primarily concerned with factual data rather than interpretation, and that their arrangement is intended to facilitate rapid consultation rather than requiring the whole text to be scanned to locate facts. Analysing continuing publications such as yearbooks, directories and statistical bulletins proved to be problematic as few libraries have complete collections of these.