Mousaion - Volume 27, Issue 2, 2009
Volumes & issues
Volume 27, Issue 2, 2009
Source: Mousaion 27, pp 1 –16 (2009)More Less
The article looks at the changing nature of the library and its collections: in other words, paper-based and / or electronic based library collections, as well as the growing competition experienced from outside competitive forces in the field of information provision. The concept of the hybrid library is investigated in relation to the three areas central to the traditional identity of the academic library: services, the collection, and the library as place. The importance of the impact of the three areas on each other is highlighted, especially against the background of changing user needs. The hybrid library has to adapt to accommodate those needs. The paper suggests strategies within each area for optimising library use. The paper attempts to get a glimpse of the future of the hybrid library and how it is possible to transform the traditional academic research library into the future destination of choice.
Enhancing government basic service delivery and performance effectiveness in sub-Saharan Africa through e-governanceSource: Mousaion 27, pp 17 –35 (2009)More Less
E-government has been credited for enhancing effectiveness in management and providing superior quality of basic government service delivery. While governments around the world have implemented a wide range of ICT applications that are considered to be essential for, and enablers of, e-governance, many sub-Saharan Africa countries are still grappling with the issue of the digital divide. This paper explores the role of e-government as a mechanism for supporting efficient governance, performance effectiveness and improved delivery of basic government services in sub-Saharan Africa. E-governance promotes transparency and efficient service delivery, and exposes the rampant inadequacies, loopholes and secrets that many governments would like to conceal. It is instructive that e-government tools are technology-oriented, and are not available in sub-Saharan Africa. Other factors that militate against the implementation of e-governance in the sub-Saharan region include: lack of political goodwill, bureaucracy in the civil service, absence of knowledge friendly environments, absence of initiative, and the crippling poverty and illiteracy levels in civil society. A content analysis of published statistical reports and other documents was used as the main method of obtaining data for this paper. A Google search was conducted to establish which of the 48 sub-Saharan African countries have government websites. It was found that 33 of the sub-Saharan African countries have web addresses. Some governments in sub-Saharan Africa are striving to create environments that can support the integration of information and knowledge management (KM) in mainstream government operations. Hopefully, the NEPAD peer review mechanism will be successful in unclogging some of the bottlenecks. Introduction of e-government in sub-Saharan Africa can unlock competitive intelligence and raise collective intelligence, thus propelling economies forward. However, it will be necessary to balance the benefits of increased openness with issues of national security.
Strategies for success : a framework for the development of a marketing plan for information servicesSource: Mousaion 27, pp 36 –50 (2009)More Less
This article focuses on the importance and value of marketing planning. The purpose is to guide librarians who are involved in the planning and implementation of marketing for their libraries. The different components or parts of a marketing plan are analysed and the article also investigates how these components can be applied to the development of a marketing plan for a library. In the article it is illustrated that marketing is closely tied into strategic management. A general topic grouping of the key parts of a marketing plan is presented and no specific method of developing a particular marketing plan is presented.
The localisation of the EtsaTrans translation programme for the University of the Free State Library and Information ServicesSource: Mousaion 27, pp 51 –74 (2009)More Less
Following the implementation of the language policy of the University of the Free State (UFS), problems were identified in terms of cost and time efficiency in compiling and managing the agendas and minutes of meetings of the executive committee of the executive management. A possible solution entailed the use of the prototype of the EtsaTrans translation programme for machine translation used for translating the agendas and minutes of meetings at the UFS. This article describes the EtsaTrans translation programme, which is a hybrid example-based machine translation system that uses a corpus and word list to translate a document from one language into another. The development of a domain-specific library corpus and word list, which was compiled from the minutes and agendas of the Library and Information Services, is discussed. The article further discusses the use of corpora and word lists as translation aids in the translation of selected texts. Minutes of meetings as translated by the EtsaTrans translation programme are compared with the same minutes as translated by both an inexperienced and an experienced translator in terms of content, coherence, idiomatic use of language and technical aspects.
Information ethics education in Library and Information Science Departments / Schools in South AfricaSource: Mousaion 27, pp 75 –88 (2009)More Less
This paper investigates the nature and level of information ethics education in library and information science (LIS) departments in South Africa. The study entailed both qualitative and quantitative methodologies in that a survey and content analysis were conducted. The study involved all 12 LIS departments in South Africa. Within these departments, the heads of department, lecturers teaching the module, and the course outlines / study guides for information ethics modules formed the target population. Data was collected via questionnaires that were emailed to the heads of the various LIS departments, who were also requested to forward a separate questionnaire to the lecturers teaching an information ethics module. Responses were received from 7 of the 12 LIS departments to which questionnaires were sent. The study revealed that in most LIS departments, information ethics is incorporated into the content of other modules and is not taught as a stand-alone course. In the LIS departments that offer a stand-alone information ethics module, the module is offered for the first time in second year, the rationale being that at this level students are sufficiently mature to appreciate information ethics. With the exception of one lecturer, who had a background in both LIS and Philosophy, all the lecturers had backgrounds in LIS only. In light of the ethical dilemmas facing information professionals, it is recommended that information ethics be made a significant component of LIS education and training, in which case it would be offered as a full stand-alone module.
Source: Mousaion 27, pp 89 –109 (2009)More Less
This paper provides a content analysis of HIV / AIDS research in Eastern and Southern Africa between 1980 and 2005 as indexed in the MEDLINE database, with a view to assisting in the identification of HIV / AIDS indexing terms which can be used to access HIV / AIDS literature. Data were analyzed using Bibexcel software in order to establish the trends in HIV / AIDS research in the two regions. Results indicate that the number of keywords / terms used to index HIV / AIDS research outputs has grown exponentially, thus providing a number of options for accessing HIV / AIDS research findings. The ranking of main subject headings was initially unstable, especially in the 1980s, but had stabilized by the mid-1990s and thereafter. Concerning the sub-fields of HIV / AIDS, it was noted that most research is conducted on epidemiology, prevention and control, transmission, complications, and drug therapy. Drug therapy and antiretrovirals are rapidly emerging as the main areas of HIV / AIDS research, implying that research has shifted from the causal factors and diagnosis (which were the major areas of concern in the 1990s) to the care of those with HIV. Other findings, discussions, conclusions, and recommendations are provided. Areas for further research are also identified.
Source: Mousaion 27, pp 110 –131 (2009)More Less
Problem-based learning or PBL as a method of teaching or learning was recently introduced to medical schools in South Africa. This has had implications for medical school libraries attached to higher education medical institutions. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect PBL has had on medical school libraries in South Africa. Using the survey method and a self-administered questionnaire, medical school librarians in South Africa were surveyed. The findings indicated medical school libraries have been affected by the introduction of PBL. Librarians had to change the way they conducted user education. Medical school libraries needed the appropriate facilities and financial resources to support PBL, while librarians required certain knowledge and skills to participate effectively in PBL.
Source: Mousaion 27, pp 132 –153 (2009)More Less
Purpose: To review issues influencing the management of court records in certain countries.
Design / methodology. Recent literature on the management of court records in conjunction with the author's research into the management of court records in Botswana.
Findings: Concludes that, in the past, the management of court records in the countries surveyed has been problematic. However, new initiatives - including the introduction of electronic record-keeping systems - have been implemented and are now proving their worth.
Practical implications. Effective management of court records is crucial to the administration of justice and there is a need to pay closer attention to the management of court records.
Originality value: This paper brings together issues that have been researched by other researchers and provides an overview of court record-keeping practices in developing countries in Africa, Singapore and South America.