Mousaion - Volume 28, Issue 2, 2010
Volumes & issues
Volume 28, Issue 2, 2010
Source: Mousaion 28, pp 1 –16 (2010)More Less
Ranganathan's five laws of library science were first published in 1931. Although initially devised for the Indian context, these laws have been adapted - in form and spirit - by libraries all over the world. With the emergence of new librarianship models such as Library 2.0, most practitioners wonder whether the laws still hold. This study used critical documentary analysis to investigate the relationship between the Library 2.0 principles and Ranganathan's fifth law. The authors conclude that this law, like the other four, remains applicable in most instances. However, some scenarios require careful consideration and adjustment of the fifth law.
Source: Mousaion 28, pp 17 –31 (2010)More Less
The case for competitive intelligence (CI) to play a developmental role in Africa is strong, as is evident from the competitiveness rankings released by the World Economic Forum. Currently most African countries are only weakly integrated with the global economy. The research done for this article focused on how CI can enhance Africa's competitiveness. The research identified the importance of CI in South Africa in order to improve the country's competitive position. The findings indicated that although CI had been established in organisations for at least five years, it did not exercise an overall positive effect on South Africa's current competitive situation. However, where there is a systematic CI approach, problem-solving is facilitated.
E-governance and e-governments in Africa : a webometrician's perception of the challenges, trends and issuesAuthor Omwoyo Bosire OnyanchaSource: Mousaion 28, pp 32 –63 (2010)More Less
This article uses content analysis and webometric approaches to examine the challenges associated with e-government and the presence and performance of African governments on the web, as well as to review and compare the availability and use of various types of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in making e-governance possible in the region. Results indicate that despite the challenges faced by countries in Africa, the presence of African governments on the web is improving, and a number of ICTs and related tools are becoming increasingly available; moreover, between 2000 and 2009, Africa experienced the second highest growth rate in terms of internet usage. There are few interlinkages between government websites, and most African governments are in the initial stages of e-governance uptake. External information to which the governments provide links includes freeware, news and general information (e.g. tourism). Recommendations for the effective implementation of e-governance are provided.
A comparative analysis of the use of electronic resources by undergraduate students at two Kenyan universitiesSource: Mousaion 28, pp 64 –81 (2010)More Less
This article compares the information and communication technology (ICT) infrastructures, the levels of access, and the electronic resources usage patterns at two academic libraries in Kenya. The focus is on the use by undergraduate students at the private University of Eastern Africa, Baraton (UEAB) and the public Kenyatta University (KU) of electronic resources to support formal and informal learning. The article also briefly explores the perceptions of library managers with regard to teaching and learning. The data revealed that the UEAB had a higher level of ICT integration with formal and informal learning. The majority of the UEAB students had basic computer skills and the library had an adequate ICT infrastructure. On the other hand, KU appeared to be at an early stage of ICT integration, and had an inadequate ICT infrastructure. The article identifies specific difficulties, and recommends ways of improving the use of electronic resources at these academic libraries in Kenya, to support formal and informal learning.
A framework for a records management programme : lessons from the Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs in South AfricaSource: Mousaion 28, pp 82 –106 (2010)More Less
An effective and efficient records management programme is essential for the governance of any organisation. The control functions it exercises can make a vital contribution to the achievement of business objectives and administrative efficiency. However, there is consensus among researchers that many organisations struggle to develop records management programmes to meet business needs. Developing a records management programme is a highly complex and difficult task, to the extent that it is common for records management projects to exceed scheduled completion dates or not be completed at all. This article reports on the findings of an MINF research project (Ngoepe 2008) conducted at Unisa that sought to examine the principles involved in establishing a records management programme with specific reference to the Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs (COGTA) in South Africa. Data were collected through online questionnaires, observation and interviews with a selected sample of people and analysed using open source software. The findings suggest that the commitment and support of top management are of enormous value in the implementation of a records management programme. The authors surmise that a records management programme will function effectively only if it is developed in the context of the larger managerial environment, so that records management procedures reflect overall management objectives. Furthermore, the establishment of an effective records management programme is reliant on an understanding by public servants at all levels of the importance of records and the need for records management infrastructure, that is, policies, strategies, procedures, filing systems, and so on. A further study to investigate records management models in the public sector is recommended.
Source: Mousaion 28, pp 107 –133 (2010)More Less
The importance of access to information and deepening understanding of information behaviour in order to improve library and information (LIS) services is widely recognised. An exploratory research project was therefore conducted at the Jotello F. Soga Library of the Faculty of Veterinary Science of the University of Pretoria to gain insight into the information behaviour of veterinary practitioners in South Africa, in order to recommend and develop appropriate information products and services. A survey of a small sample (70) with 24 respondents was undertaken to identify information needs and the methods used to satisfy such needs. The survey also covered the processes involved in information usage as well as the role of Google and other search engines, web services such as the International Veterinary Information Service (IVIS) and Web 2.0 applications such as blogs and wikis. Considering the importance of compulsory continued professional development (CPD) initiated by the South African Veterinary Council to assist veterinary practitioners in keeping up to date with contemporary veterinary developments, the role of the library in assisting veterinary practitioners earning CPD points was also investigated. In conclusion, a brief overview of existing products and services of the library is linked to recommendations for reducing information gaps and satisfying the requirements identified as a means of extending the services of veterinary libraries and furthering theoretical studies.
Young adult readers as potential consumers of literary tourism sites : a survey of the readers of two of the Dalene Matthee forest novelsAuthor Felicite A. Fairer-WesselsSource: Mousaion 28, pp 134 –151 (2010)More Less
The Knysna forest is a natural and cultural landscape that nurtured the creativity of author Dalene Matthee. Her literary works Kringe in 'n bos and Fiela se kind, regarded as the first two of her 'forest' novels, capture a segment of 19th-century rural life and have intermittently been setworks/prescribed texts for senior secondary school learners since their publication.
The aim of the research reported on, was to investigate the effect of prescribed works of fiction on the potential travel behaviour of adolescents or young adults, ranging from 17 to 19 years of age, and more specifically, whether the reading of Kringe in 'n bos and/or Fiela se kind may influence the reader as consumer to want to visit the Knysna forest, the setting of the novels, and similarly to visit other destinations with a literary heritage and engage in literary tourism. Any potential literary tourism site is a social construction that requires authentic development to attract visitors interested in experiencing the setting of novels.
The fieldwork indicated significant interest among respondents in enhancing their prescribed reading with a real-life experience of visiting the Knysna Forest on an organised school tour. Should this not be possible, a 'virtual' internet tour would be their next choice. The linking of books with a destination could add value to a reader's experience of both. A literary place, such as the Knysna forest as the setting for Kringe in 'n bos and Fiela se kind, can be regarded as a place that readers as consumers (can) attach meaning to, and that draws tourists to the destination.
Interest in literary tours and literary tourism appears evident, and places could be promoted owing to their association with well-known writers and their books.
The fate of the First Sale Doctrine on scholarship with the advent of the public lending right system in South Africa's public librariesAuthor Charles A. MasangoSource: Mousaion 28, pp 152 –163 (2010)More Less
This article examines the rationale of the First Sale Doctrine and Public Lending Right (PLR) system. It examines whether the advantages that the First Sale Doctrine has bestowed on the first purchasers of printed copyright books and that they use in promoting scholarship would be interrupted if the Public Lending Right system is implemented in South Africa's public libraries. This is following a brochure circulated in 2009 by the Academic and Non-Fiction Authors' Association of South Africa (ANFASA), advocating the establishment of PLR in South Africa's public libraries. This would make South Africa the first developing country to permit authors to be paid when libraries lend their books. The article discusses possible solutions through which PLR could be implemented in South Africa's public libraries.
Author Tony RodriguesSource: Mousaion 28, pp 164 –165 (2010)More Less
The general purpose of Preservation and access to public records and archives in South Africa is to provide information for both the planning and implementation of sound records and archives preservation programmes, specifically in the South African environment. The author emphasises the relationship between preservation and access, observing that access to records in a democratic society such as South Africa cannot simply be assumed. For access to be ensured, records need to be properly preserved.