Mousaion - Volume 32, Issue 4, 2014
Volumes & issues
Volume 32, Issue 4, 2014
Source: Mousaion 32, pp 1 –12 (2014)More Less
A policy and legal framework for school libraries is a guiding framework for the provision, development and management of school libraries. Similarly, it is a lever that standardises school library development, management and practice. Although the existence of a policy does not guarantee the development of efficient and functional school libraries, its inherent value cannot be overemphasised. It is widely documented that in South Africa, only 7.2 per cent of public schools have functional school libraries, which are crucial to enrich the quality of teaching and learning and support learners and teachers. The aim of this study was, firstly, to analyse the legal and policy provision for school libraries in South Africa; and secondly, to examine the state of school libraries in Limpopo province, South Africa. The study further sought to establish whether there is divergence or convergence between policy provision and the status of school libraries in Limpopo. The study adopted a quantitative research paradigm and triangulated utilising questionnaires and document analysis as instruments to collect data. The study established that there is a regime of policies related to school libraries, most of which are still in draft form. Furthermore, the study confirmed that provision of policy does not necessarily translate into an efficient school library system. The distinct divergence means that there is no correlation between policy provision and practice. The study recommends that the existing school library policies should be streamlined, adopted and implemented to scale up the development of efficient and functional school libraries in Limpopo.
Source: Mousaion 32, pp 13 –28 (2014)More Less
This article reports on a study that investigated the issues and challenges in the provision of school libraries in secondary schools in Katlehong, Gauteng province, South Africa. A qualitative research method was used to conduct the study among 14 secondary schools in Katlehong. The target population included 14 teacher-librarians, 14 principals and one Gauteng Department of Education (GDE) official, who were interviewed. Additionally, 102 teachers participated in focus group discussions (FGDs). Convenience sampling was used to select the teachers, while purposive sampling was used to select all the other participants in the study. The study revealed that teachers are not using school libraries in Katlehong because they are unable to provide relevant information services due to a lack of space; out-dated and inadequate information collections; uncatalogued and poorly organised books; inaccessible opening hours; and a lack of funds and networked computers. Only 29 per cent of the schools had qualified teacher-librarians in their employ, while the 71 per cent unqualified 'teacher-librarians' indicated that they were managing the school libraries without the professional skills required to guide both teachers and learners in the use of library resources. The teacher-librarians were also burdened with additional teaching loads, which negatively affected the opening hours of the libraries. It was recommended, firstly, that a specific library period be allocated to each class to allow for library orientation; secondly, that sufficient funding be allocated to each school library to enable it to function optimally; and, thirdly, that library hours be regulated and qualified library staff be employed.
Die ontwikkeling van hulpmiddels vir die onderrig van kinder- en jeugliteratuur in Afrikaans huistaal vir die grondslag- en intermediêre faseSource: Mousaion 32, pp 29 –54 (2014)More Less
Die onderrig van kinder- en jeugliteratuur (KJL) is 'n integrale deel van die nuwe Nasionale Kurrikulum en Assesseringsverklaring (NKABV) wat vanaf die begin van 2012 in die land se nasionale skole geïmplementeer is. In die NKABV word daar egter min leiding aan onderwysers gegee oor watter konsepte deel van letterkunde onderrig op skool uitmaak en daarom is dit nodig om goeie hulpmiddels te ontwikkel om onderwysers te ondersteun wanneer hulle kinder- en jeugliteratuur onderrig. Die doel van hierdie artikel is om die belangrikheid van hulpmiddels in die klaskamer te bespreek en tot watter mate dit onderwysers en selfs leerders kan ondersteun in die onderrig- en leerproses. In die artikel sal daar gefokus word op wat in die NKABV as rigtinggewende dokument ten opsigte van letterkunde en poësie onderrig in die Afrikaanse kurrikulum uiteengesit word, en laastens sal daar gekyk word na die gebruik van die voorgestelde hulpmiddels in die klaskamer.
Author Maritha SnymanSource: Mousaion 32, pp 55 –74 (2014)More Less
In view of the dire state of literacy levels in South Africa and the fact that few literacy programmes provide research reports to evaluate best practices and effectivity, this article reports on the evaluation of a literacy project. The project, inspired by two children, is referred to as the Zoë-reading aloud project and targeted children in and around Upington in the Northern Cape, South Africa. The project was set up according to acknowledged reading promotion principles and it was structured to collect detailed data. Qualitative and quantitative data collection methods were used and a selection of methods provided reliability. The findings of the analysis of a collection of data for a period of 15 months revealed the best practices of the project. It highlights, for example, the need for financial assistance and challenges the concept of family literacy in low-literate and poor communities.
Author Elwyn JenkinsSource: Mousaion 32, pp 75 –92 (2014)More Less
This article examines 15 works of fiction written in English for children and young adults which have a Namibian setting. The earliest was published in the 1920s and the latest in 1998. The books are examined in order to ascertain what the Namibian setting has contributed: whether the authors have engaged with the history of the country; what they make of the setting; and whether there are any particular plots and themes that emerge. A notable trend in the English-language books published after the 1960s is that they focus on the personal growth of the protagonists. Rather than serving as a background for adventure, as the earlier books did, the Namibian settings and social circumstances serve as catalysts for psychological drama, while the landscapes with their flora and fauna play out as objective correlatives to the characters' interior struggles. In keeping with this subject matter, the writing is usually sensitive and lyrical.
National identity and the perspective of the other : New Zealand children responding to South African picture booksAuthor John McKenzieSource: Mousaion 32, pp 93 –127 (2014)More Less
The issue of national identity is a central concern for learners both in terms of formal education (social studies) and personal pleasure (sports). This study adopted a theoretical model of how national identity can be envisaged by middle school learners, and through an intensive week's case study, demonstrated both the strengths and potential problems of using picture books as a source of information about a nation state. Having self-reflected on their own sense of national identity, a class from a provincial town in New Zealand (NZ) were given the opportunity to explore over 85 educational readers/trade picture book titles sourced from South Africa (SA) (plus other texts from Africa that were locally available) and attempt to define what it is to be a South African. Prior knowledge was factored in the findings and the results were compared to a South African class's perceptions using the same theoretical model. This article draws a tentative conclusion as to the presences and absences of which South African national identity features can be located whilst reading the two types of fictional texts. Additionally the article proposes that the methodology can be replicated in the classroom in the context of learning as inquiry.
Risking masculinity : playing fast and loose with hegemonic masculinity in The hero's guide to saving your kingdomAuthor Janice RobertsonSource: Mousaion 32, pp 128 –140 (2014)More Less
In Christopher Healy's (2012) children's book, The hero's guide to saving your kingdom, the idea of hegemonic masculinity is subverted in various ways. In this reinvention of four fairy tales - 'Cinderella', 'Sleeping Beauty', 'Snow White' and 'Rapunzel' - the author seems consciously to subvert the prevalent stereotypes surrounding traditional representations of the idealised, yet largely uninterrogated image of 'Prince Charming'. All four of the princes who feature as protagonists in the book express their dissatisfaction at the prescriptive expectations that govern every aspect of their lived realities. Healy explores alternative ways of representing this type of character to modern child readers, in many cases testing the boundaries that dictate which physical characteristics and behavioural patterns are allowable in such characters. This article explores Healy's negotiation of masculinity in the context of its intended 21st century child audience.
Author Molly BrownSource: Mousaion 32, pp 141 –153 (2014)More Less
Trites (2000:117) argues that death is a biological imperative that possibly operates even more powerfully on the human mind than sexuality. In this article it will be suggested that coming to terms with the inevitability of mortality is a key maturational task, but that popular young adult fantasies dealing with immortal vampires or decaying zombies usually offer little or no support to adolescents struggling to deal with this issue. By contrast, it will be suggested that novels such as those in Terry Pratchett's Johnny Maxwell series, JK Rowling's Harry Potter series, Ursula Le Guin's Earthsea series and Philip Pullman's His dark materials trilogy provide adolescent readers with safe spaces in which to explore not only the threat of death, but a range of social and religious approaches to the problem. In this way, young readers may be encouraged to accept themselves, in Heidegger's (1962 :304-307) terms, as 'Being-towards-death' and eventually even be empowered by such an acknowledgement.