n Mousaion - Disseminating and using information on climate change and variability : a case study of farmers in Maluga and Chibela villages in central Tanzania




This study formed part of a broader PhD research which investigated how access to, and use of, information enhances farmers' adaptation to climate change variability in the agricultural sector in semi-arid Central Tanzania. The research was carried out in two villages using Rogers' (2003) Diffusion of Innovations (DOI) theory and model to assess the dissemination of this information and its use by farmers. The predominantly qualitative study employed a post-positivist paradigm and some elements of a quantitative approach for the data collection and analysis. The principal data collection methods were interviews and focus group discussions. The study population comprised farmers, agricultural extension officers and the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa (CCAA) project manager. The qualitative data was subjected to content analysis, whereas the quantitative data was analysed to generate mostly descriptive statistics. Thekey findings showed that researchers, extension officers and village leaders disseminate information on climate change and variability to farmers, and that radio and mobile phones were the most relied upon sources in disseminatingthis information. Despite the benefits, however, the results showed that farmers felt there were several barriers to dissemination and use. To mitigate the adverse effects of climate change and variability on farming, the study recommends the repackaging of current and accurate information on climate change and variability, farmer education and training, and collaboration between researchers, meteorology experts, extension officers and farmers. Moreover, a clear policy framework for disseminating information related to climate change and variability is required.


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