Mousaion - Volume 34, Issue 1, 2016
Volumes & issues
Volume 34, Issue 1, 2016
Nature, patterns and trends of research collaboration among academics in selected universities in Nigeria and South AfricaSource: Mousaion 34, pp 1 –22 (2016)More Less
In this article, we argue that research collaboration, as an activity embarked upon by two or more individual researchers to attain common goals, is crucial in determining the breadth and depth of knowledge sharing among academics.The aim of the study was to investigate the nature, patterns and trends of research collaboration among academics in six universities in Nigeria and South Africa between 2003 and 2013. The study determined the level and extent of knowledge sharing among the actors by exploring several aspects of research collaboration. We targeted all the academic staff at the six universities whose publications appeared in the SCOPUS database for the research period. The data was first extracted from SCOPUS by using affiliation search by university for the study period. Through descriptive and evaluative bibliometrics or publication count, domestically and internationally co-authored papers andmajor collaborating institutions between 2003 and 2013 were determined with the hope of finding co-authorship links for the six universities. The study revealed that research collaboration does occur among academics/researchers in the universities. The South African universities, namely, the University of KwaZulu-Natal (UKZN), Durban University of Technology (DUT) and University of Zululand (UZ) collaborated with each other. However, in Nigeria, there was only one collaborative tie between Ahmadu Bello University (ABU) and the Federal University of Technology (FUT), and no collaboration with Umaru Musa Yar'adua University (UMYU). South Africa also had a higher number of universities among the top 20 universities collaborating between the two countries within the study period.
Public programming skills of archivists in selected national memory institutions of East and Southern AfricaSource: Mousaion 34, pp 23 –42 (2016)More Less
The National Archives are an important part of South African society because they serve as memory institutions. Fulfilling this mandate requires archivists to encourage societal engagement with the archives. This article sought to examine the role of an archivist's knowledge and skills in promoting public archival institutions. Therefore, the perceptions and experiences of the directors of the National Archives, archivists who work at the National Archives and Executive Board members from the East and Southern Africa Regional Branch of the International Council on Archives (ESARBICA) were explored. This was achieved through administering questionnaires to all the directors of the National Archives in the ESARBICA region, and conducting interviews with archivists from this region as well as ESARBICA Executive Board members. The intention was to identify whether archivists from the National Archives in the ESARBICA region thought that they have the relevant skills to conduct public programming initiatives; if public programming was part of the core archival curricula in the region; and furthermore, to determine the availability and awareness of public programming training and education in the region. The study provides an overview of public programming, together with a better understanding of the significance of archivists' skills and knowledge regarding public programming in the mission of encouraging greater use of archives.
Integrating information literacy in the general education module at the Durban University of Technology, South AfricaAuthor Shirlene NeerputhSource: Mousaion 34, pp 43 –55 (2016)More Less
A university curriculum re-design process provides a promising opportunity for the Durban University of Technology (DUT) Library to become an active academic partner as it modifies its contribution to enhance teaching, learning and research in the twenty-first century information environment. This article provides a conceptual framework for the library to engage in the General Education Module (GEM) for first-year undergraduate students. The GEM at DUT emanated from a curriculum renewal strategy to enhance student-centred learning across all six faculties of the university. The GEM is underpinned by a humanistic educational university strategy. Constructivist theory underpins the compulsory credit-bearing information literacy (IL) programme in the GEM at DUT. The article shows how an academic library can become a cohesive instructional partner in contributing to academic success. The library, in addition to its traditional role as the gatekeeper of learning resources and information provision, offers an integrated credit bearing IL programme in the GEM. This also constitutes a paradigm shift for instructional design at DUT.
Source: Mousaion 34, pp 56 –82 (2016)More Less
This study investigated strategies employed by universities in Kenya for managing scholarly content. The study was underpinned by the Conversation Theory and the Knowledge Management Process Model and was based on the post-positivist paradigm. A survey was conducted within a multiple case study design. The population of the study consisted of academic staff, postgraduate students, university librarians and representatives of university research units from six universities in Kenya. Self-administered questionnaires were used to collect data from academic staff and postgraduate students while key informants were interviewed. The results revealed that while the respondents generated theses, journal articles and conference papers, the majority did not participate in knowledge generation in the period from 2010 to 2014. The results further revealed that most respondents documented research procedures, backed up information, and used printouts to preserve scholarly content; however, they hardly used digital archives and university servers. The results suggested heavy reliance on modern technology-enabled communication techniques and faceto- face interactions for communication amongst scholars, whereas institutional repositories (IRs) were hardly used. The results revealed inadequate institutional support for research and scholarly communication including funding, material and physical infrastructure, mentorship, and information and communications technology (ICT) facilities. The study concluded that strategies for managing scholarly content at universities in Kenya are weak, impacting negatively on the quality, quantity and visibility of scholarly content; and that a policy framework encompassing the different facets of managing scholarly content is necessary. The study recommended developing specific strategies and policies to enhance scholarly content management; institutionalising mentorship programmes; increasing funding to strengthen universities' research capacity; and strengthening research niches.
The state of open access adoption in legal scholarly communication : an analysis of selected open access resourcesAuthor Solomon BopapeSource: Mousaion 34, pp 83 –100 (2016)More Less
The study of law focuses, among other aspects, on important issues relating to equality, fairness and justice in as far as free access to information and knowledge is concerned. The launching of the Open Access to Law Movement in 1992, the promulgation of the Durham Statement on Open Access to Legal Scholarship in 2009, and the formation of national and regional Legal Information Institutes (LIIs) should serve as an indication of how well the legal world is committed to freely publishing and distributing legal information and knowledge through the Internet to legal practitioners, legal scholars and the public at large around the world. In order to establish the amount of legal scholarly content which is accessible through open access publishing innovations and initiatives, this study analysed the contents of websites for selected open access resources on the Internet internationally and in South Africa. The results of the study showed that there has been a steady developing trend towards the adoption of open access for legal scholarly literature internationally, while in South Africa legal scholarly literature is under the control of commercial publishers. This should be an issue for the legal scholarship which, among its focus, is to impart knowledge about the right of access to information and knowledge.
Factors affecting staff motivation in public libraries : a case of selected public libraries in BotswanaSource: Mousaion 34, pp 101 –122 (2016)More Less
The purpose of this study was to establish the factors affecting staff motivation in selected public libraries in Botswana. The study was conducted with the aim to propose an appropriate approach to motivating public librarians. Using a survey method, data was collected through the use of questionnaires, document analysis and observation of the working environment. Convenience sampling was used to select the population of the study. The study adopted Herzberg's Theory of Motivation as a theoretical framework. The findings revealed that librarians in these selected public libraries are de-motivated and dissatisfied with their jobs.Some of the factors that de-motivate librarians were identified as: job security; interpersonal relations at work; policies and procedures; working environment; benefits; and supervision. Based on the findings, the study recommends that Botswana National Library Services management should: adopt motivation theories to establish motivation programmes; upgrade the library to fit into a twenty-first century environment; recognise employees appropriately for a job well done; provide adequate training and career development; create a conducive working environment; and put proper policies and procedures in place.
Source: Mousaion 34, pp 123 –148 (2016)More Less
The aim of this study was to examine fundraising as a viable supplementary source of funding for public university libraries in Kenya. Ideally, university libraries require sufficient funding in order to play their role effectively, which is to support teaching, learning and research activities in the university. However, inadequate allocation of funding to public university libraries in Kenya over the years has negatively affected the quality of their services. Therefore, there is an urgent need for these libraries to consider fundraising as a source of funding. The study used a sample of 102 respondents comprising Librarians, Finance Officers (FOs), Heads of Alumni Departments (ADs), Heads of Students Advisory Departments (SADs) and Heads of Fundraising and/or Development Departments (F/DDs) drawn from seven public university libraries in Kenya. The major findings of the study revealed that public university libraries in Kenya carry out fundraising activities as a source of supplementary funding albeit on a minor scale due to negative staff attitude and lack of a proactive approach to strategising and coordinating creative forms of fundraising. Although these libraries use some motivational strategies to attract and retain donors, they face a number of fundraising challenges. However, the study findings indicated that fundraising can be a viable source of supplementary funding for public university libraries in Kenya if it is well planned and coordinated.
South Africa's access to information legislation and socio-economic rights : civil society and meaningful engagement as driversSource: Mousaion 34, pp 149 –172 (2016)More Less
The inclusion of access to information (ATI) in the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa (Act No. 108 of 1996, hereafter the Constitution) and its concomitant legislation, the Promotion of Access to Information Act (PAIA) (No. 2 of 2000), is aimed at promoting transparency, accountability and democratic governance in the hitherto closed, authoritarian and apartheid society. The Constitution goes further to entrench socio-economic rights (SERs) in order to address the past injustices of ignorance, fear and want that impair the dignity of the majority of South Africans. ATI is described as the 'touchstone' of all human rights and upon which the other human rights, including SERs, are buttressed. SERs are, supposedly, enforced by the courts of law. However, their justiciability has become acrimonious and adversarial because it may include the courts making orders that may have budgetary implications, which usually fall under the purview of the executive-cum-legislation, thus undermining the separation of powers doctrine. The study suggests the concept of meaningful engagement to break the impasse, arguing that the concept is more 'user-friendly' and grounded in the Constitution and other statutory instrument and practices in the governance of South Africa.