oa Professional Nursing Today - Preventing and diagnosing HIV infection in infants and children : HIV



Extracted from text ... 33 Professional Nursing Today July / August 2006 Vol. 10 No. 4 HIV Helena Rabie, 1, 2 Ben J Marais, 1, 3 Mark F Cotton1, 2 1Department of Paediatrics and Child Health, 2KIDCRU Paediatric Infectious Diseases Unit, 3Ukwanda Centre for Rural Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Tygerberg, South Africa Introduction Sub-Saharan Africa carries the brunt of the global Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) epidemic. The vast majority of HIV transmission occurs through heterosexual contact with the highest infection rates occurring among women of childbearing age, therefore new born babies are frequently exposed to HIV. The World Health Organisation (WHO) ..


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