oa Professional Nursing Today - Stress urinary incontinence : clinical



Extracted from text ... Professional Nursing Today September / October 2006 Vol. 10 No. 5 14 CLINICAL Summary Stress urinary incontinence is the leakage of urine associated with episodes of increased intra-abdominal pressure such as coughing or sneezing. The continence mechanism cannot deal with elevations in intra-abdominal pressure that is transmitted onto the bladder, causing urine to leak from the urethra. Stress incontinence is caused either by loss of bladder neck and urethral support or by inherent urethral sphincter deficiency. Hypermobility of the bladder neck and urethra is usually related to the effects of childbirth. Urethral sphincter dysfunction can be caused by childbirth injury, ..


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