Professional Nursing Today - Volume 11, Issue 1, 2007
Volume 11, Issue 1, 2007
Author L. ChaukeSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 10 –14 (2007)More Less
Unwanted pregnancies are major contributors of maternal morbidity and mortality. Identifying at-risk women and associated risks factors should be one of the strategies to obtain further insight into this global problem. The most effective forms of contraception are listed and rated.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 16 –19 (2007)More Less
Author L. MarcusSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 20 –22 (2007)More Less
Before attempting to identify meningococcal meningitis, which may be protean in presentation, an understanding of the causative bacterium, Neisseria meningitidis is essential. The characteristics, pathogenesis, virulence factors, growth patterns and biochemical reactions all contribute to the identification and diagnosis of this distinctive organism.
Infection prevention and control in meningococcal disease - caring for the caregivers : infection controlAuthor L. ZaidySource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 24 –27 (2007)More Less
Meningococcal meningitis is an airborne contagious disease that requires short term, highly active isolation. Principles of barrier nursing necessary for isolating these patients and protecting the care giving staff consist of the use of surgical face masks with a built-in filter layer, hand washing and disinfection, the use of caps and plastic aprons to prevent splashes of body fluid from soiling bodies and uniforms, accommodation in single rooms or isolation facilities where access control, linen provision, environmental cleaning, management of equipment and furniture, and waste management are regulated to keep staff and visitors as safe as possible and prevent the need to regularly administer antibiotic prophylaxis or chemotherapy to the same staff members.
Author L. NaudeSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 28 –30 (2007)More Less
Wound assessment is often very subjective and there is a definite need for developing a standardised methodology to enable accurate comparison between wound dressings. The focus is to enable wound care practitioners to optimise their treatment programmes and to provide continuous wound management. The question to answer is: Are your wound measurement techniques consistent and accurate in your practice?
Author M.A. KibelSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 35 –38 (2007)More Less
Cot deaths occur in all countries and among all socio-economic groups. A careful autopsy will fail to demonstrate an adequate cause of death in the majority of infants. Cot deaths are most frequent between the ages of two and four months. Smoking and substance abuse during pregnancy increase the risk. Preventative measures include supine sleeping, avoidance of overheating and a smoke-free environment, and these have reduced the incidence to approximately one case in 2 000 births. The cause of cot deaths is still unknown.
Author R. MphahleleSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 40 –46 (2007)More Less
To date the prevention of preterm birth is largely unsuccessful. The nurse should educate and support the pregnant woman who is at risk for preterm delivery and to manage the preterm infant appropriately. This paper reviews aspects of care of the preterm infant, including the confirmation of prematurity and common complications that occur.