Professional Nursing Today - Volume 11, Issue 2, 2007
Volume 11, Issue 2, 2007
The 15th Biennial Congress of the Southern African Hypertension Society 26-28 May 2007 Sandton Convention Centre, JohannesburgSource: Professional Nursing Today 11 (2007)More Less
Source: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 6 –7 (2007)More Less
The emergence of XDR TB coupled with the high prevalence of HIV / AIDS has intensified the need to identify new treatment strategies and accelerate research into antibiotics against XDR TB before the world is faced with a global public health crisis. This article gives a short overview on the important health implications of XDR-TB in South Africa.
Author J. BikoSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 16 –19 (2007)More Less
The majority of pregnant women will experience the symptoms of morning sickness, heartburn, common cold, lower backache, lower abdominal pains, constipation, carpal tunnel syndrome, oedema and various skin changes during the course of their pregnancy. The midwife should be able to manage these symptoms in most cases.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 20 –22 (2007)More Less
Hypertension is known as the "silent killer" because it is usually asymptomatic until complications arise. Sustained high blood pressure (BP) may cause damage to one or more of the specific "target organs": brain (cerebrovascular ischaemia), eyes (retinopathy), blood vessels, (atherosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease), heart (heart attack or heart failure) and kidneys (renal failure). This article describes the clinical presentation of these complications and explains the importance for primary health care nurses to refer patients with suspected target organ damage for medical attention.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 26 –31 (2007)More Less
Eighty-nine fully photo-documented case reports were examined in order to get a clear picture of the effect of L-Mesitran. This honey-based ointment is new on the market and clinical data was unavailable till now. A free, computer wound registration program was used to collect data from different locations in a standardized way in order to facilitate wound data analysis.
Depending on the underlying pathology the wounds healed with a mean healing time of 32 days. The small amount of cases per pathology and the variability within the different pathologies made it very difficult to evaluate the results in a clear and comprehensive way.
A non-randomised comparison with a similar photo-documented standardized database with other dressings suggests that the honey ointment is faster healing than other high tech dressings. We surmise that this ointment has a very quick debriding and antibacterial activity. The new honey ointment should be compared directly to other available high tech dressings to quantify any difference in effect on healing.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 46 –50 (2007)More Less
Annually 11 million children under the age of five years die. Diarrhoeal disease ranks third in the world as the biggest killer of children under the age of five years. This translates into 1.6 million deaths annually. In South African children under the age of 5 years, diarrhoeal disease accounts for 10,786 deaths annually or 30 deaths per day. It ranks third as a cause of mortality after HIV / AIDS and low birth weight.