oa Professional Nursing Today - Referring hypertensive patients with target organ damage - a clinical guide for nurses : clinical
Hypertension is known as the "silent killer" because it is usually asymptomatic until complications arise. Sustained high blood pressure (BP) may cause damage to one or more of the specific "target organs": brain (cerebrovascular ischaemia), eyes (retinopathy), blood vessels, (atherosclerosis and peripheral vascular disease), heart (heart attack or heart failure) and kidneys (renal failure). This article describes the clinical presentation of these complications and explains the importance for primary health care nurses to refer patients with suspected target organ damage for medical attention.
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