Professional Nursing Today - Volume 11, Issue 6, 2007
Volume 11, Issue 6, 2007
Nursing 2008 - together we move : Interim Programme, 13 - 15 May 2008, Emperor's Palace : the forum for professional nurse leadersSource: Professional Nursing Today 11 (2007)More Less
Author G.B. TheronSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 6 –10 (2007)More Less
An effective perinatal mother to child transmission (PMTCT) programme will reduce perinatal acquired HIV infections. This goal is within reach of the South African public health sector. Early antenatal attendance and knowledge of HIV status allows sufficient time to implement highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) or ART intervention. Both measures have been proved to be efficient to reduce MTCT of HIV. A transmission rate of 2% can be achieved with a dual therapy regimen in non-breastfeeding women. Mono therapy with single dose nevirapine (sd NVP) often fails due to the once off nature of the intervention as opposed to ample opportunity to administer zudovudine (AZT) antenatally with dual therapy. A higher CD4 threshold to initiate HAART increases the window of opportunity while women are reasonably healthy. Irrespective of the maternal disease the newborn babies receive the same ART regimen. Women requiring HAART following pregnancy with an interval of 6 months or longer since NVP exposure had the same virological response as compared to NVP naïve women. Dual or mono therapy for a second time will be as effective as with NVP naïve women. The present day routine use of ART will reduce the risk of obstetric interventions.
Author A.M. TomkinsSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 12 –16 (2007)More Less
Author Liezl NaudeSource: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 24 –28 (2007)More Less
Pressure ulcers are still among the most costly, yet preventable, injuries with a high prevalence and incidence in acute and longterm care. This age-old problem is also commonly referred to as decubitus ulcers or bed sores. The aim of this article is to define what pressure ulcers are and to discuss the prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers. Risk assessment plays an important role in the prevention of pressure ulcers. This article will also provide the professional nurse with tools for this assessment.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 11, pp 34 –37 (2007)More Less
It is very important for any professional nurse to be able discern between normal and abnormal, sick and healthy, critically ill and chronically ill. In general, to be able to differentiate the PN must have basic knowledge about the condition, add clinical experience and the result is (hopefully) good clinical judgement. To manage infant colic requires good clinical judgement and this article will assist the PN to assess patients better in order to gain more and better clinical experience. It will further also enable the PN to reassure parents, give good and sound advice and refer cases when necessary.
In a new study RotarixTM offers 96% protection against severe rotavirus gastroenteritis and prevents 100% of rotavirus-associated hospitalizations : paediatricsSource: Professional Nursing Today 11 (2007)More Less
Data from a recent study announced at ESPID (European Society for Paediatric Infectious Diseases) shows that ROTARIXTM, the first oral rotavirus vaccine available to children in Europe, protects against 96% of severe rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) cases and prevents 100% of hospitalisations due to rotavirusinduced gastroenteritis in a European setting.