Professional Nursing Today - Volume 13, Issue 6, 2009
Volume 13, Issue 6, 2009
Author H.F. JordaanSource: Professional Nursing Today 13, pp 5 –14 (2009)More Less
Familiarity with cutaneous disease patterns in this population enables early diagnosis and institution of correct treatment, detection of unrecognised HIV infection or progression to the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), and, counselling and prevention of further transmission. Knowledge of the skin and mucosal signs of HIV / AIDS is important. Patients may present with these signs or they may develop during the course of the illness. Skin signs give an indication of the degree of immunodeficiency and prognosis of the patient. Skin signs form an integral component of the WHO staging system. Skin signs are a common component of drug reactions and the immune reconstitution and inflammation (IRIS) syndrome. The diagnosis of skin and mucosal conditions is often difficult. Patients may present with atypical signs, double and triple pathology are common, a single aetiologic agent may cause diverse clinical features, diverse aetiologic agents may cause a single morphological presentation, patients are often receiving multiple medications, drug interactions may occur, new conditions are regularly published, and cases are seen with new unpublished manifestations. Atypical presentation refers to unusual distribution and morphology of lesions, resistance to treatment and recurrence following adequate treatment.
Author T. NorrisSource: Professional Nursing Today 13, pp 15 –16 (2009)More Less
This article reviews the care of a patient who presents with an ectopic pregnancy and the nursing management that is necessary to attend to her. Ectopic pregnancies are obstetric and surgical emergencies and can cause death if the patient is not adequately treated. By applying general basic nursing principles, nurses can recognise this emergency and be prepared for it.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 13 (2009)More Less
It is summer time again and what better way to enjoy it than a day at the beach or at the swimming pool. While activities such as swimming can usually be enjoyed by most people without incidence, there are some things to keep in mind for a healthy and happy water holiday.
Author Shelley McGeeSource: Professional Nursing Today 13, pp 18 –20 (2009)More Less
All living creatures on earth, in one way or another, are dependent on the sun and its radiation to survive and as residents of sunny South Africa, it would be difficult to comprehend life without sunshine. However, in recent years, emphasis has been placed on the dangers of exposure of the skin and eyes to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. In the sun-loving environment of South Africa, precautions around the potentially dangerous effects of the sun and UV exposure are particularly important.
Author Catherine BekkerSource: Professional Nursing Today 13, pp 25 –27 (2009)More Less
In a world that is constantly looking for a quick fix or easy answers, should we be encouraging our patients to take multivitamins and other supplements during pregnancy to ensure a healthy outcome? Or are there any other options? What do we know about supplementation and what the requirements are for the pregnant woman?
Source: Professional Nursing Today 13, pp 29 –32 (2009)More Less
Asthma is the most common chronic medical condition encountered in pregnancy. The clinical course of asthma may change during pregnancy and severe asthma carries the risk of acute exacerbation. Uncontrolled asthma is associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes and can be avoided by timeously adjusting treatment according to current guidelines. Asthma control should be reassessed throughout pregnancy. Treatment should not be limited to pharmacotherapy, but also include patient education and treatment of comorbid conditions.