Professional Nursing Today - Volume 14, Issue 1, 2010
Volume 14, Issue 1, 2010
Author Vicki Pinkney-AtkinsonSource: Professional Nursing Today 14 (2010)More Less
There are those who believe that certain vaccines cause autism and ongoing research seems to say this isn't the case. However, the jury is still out. I wish that there was a vaccine for all illnesses, not just infectious diseases. The possibility of preventing cervical and hepatic cancer is a direct result of vaccines. Human genome research may provide some solutions for chronic conditions like diabetes and Parkinson's disease. I look forward to the day when we have a vaccine to prevent HIV / AIDS.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 6 –10 (2010)More Less
Author Eileen BranniganSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 12 –14 (2010)More Less
The delivery of quality nursing care requires consistency, competency and sustainability. The world is getting tired of the nursing leadership mantra that there are not enough registered nurses for us as a profession to guarantee this care.
This article tackles a possible solution based on task shifting, a phenomenon being experienced in all occupations around the world, which is being driven primarily by rapid technological developments. A new staffing model is proposed - one that relies on the robustness of a stable corps of staff nurses led by competent professional nurses.
Author Nelouise GeyerSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 16 –17 (2010)More Less
Hasina Subedar stepped down from the position of CEO and Registrar at the South African Nursing Council (SANC) at the end of June 2009. She has made history in many aspects when she was appointed in this position in September 2000 in that she was the first nurse, the first woman and the first person of colour to fill this position since the inception of the SANC in 1944.
Infection prevention and control : reviewing soap and detergents for procurement by health-care facilities : infection controlAuthor L.E. ZiadySource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 19 –21 (2010)More Less
This article reviews the use of hand washing soap and detergent in a health-care facility, with the goal of facilitating procurement of such products. Three active antiseptic ingredients in soaps currently used for infection prevention and control are scrutinised, namely chlorhexidine, (povidone) iodine and alcohol, while a précis of research on the availability of hand washing facilities and hand hygiene culture in a healthcare setting is included in the review.
Author H.B. RosSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 23 –26 (2010)More Less
In this article the outcomes for neonates following waterbirths and traditional births are discussed. The umbilical cord blood pH and Apgar scores of neonates born under water are equal to or higher than the umbilical cord blood pH and Apgar scores of neonates born out of water. Some adverse outcomes in neonates following a waterbirth are reported, namely neonatal infections, neonatal hyponatraemia, water aspiration, and foetal hyperthermia, which probably cause hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy and snapped umbilical cords. Guidelines on how to prevent possible adverse outcomes in neonates during waterbirths are given. When these guidelines are followed, none of the above mentioned adverse outcomes are seen. The outcomes for neonates following waterbirths versus traditional births are then similar.
Author A.J. TerblancheSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 28 –33 (2010)More Less
Acute gastroenteritis is a common problem in children and refers to infections of the gastrointestinal tract caused by viral, bacterial or parasitic pathogens. Most cases are not serious and self-limiting. However, severe complications and a high mortality rate may be associated, with diarrhoea being responsible for up to 2.5 million deaths worldwide in young children each year. Diarrhoea may also contribute to serious morbidity where acute cases become persistent with a significant impact on nutritional status. Various risk factors can be identified, such as malnutrition, young age, immune compromised and increased exposure to pathogens due to poor hygiene and sanitation. Clinical evaluation includes a thorough assessment of the features and degree of dehydration as well as of comorbid conditions. The IMCI guidelines provide valuable protocols for prompt management of acute diarrhoea and dehydration in children, while supplementary zinc, adequate feeding practices and appropriate antibiotic treatment in selected cases contribute further to reduce the duration, severity and mortality of acute diarrhoeal disease in childhood.