Professional Nursing Today - Volume 14, Issue 4, 2010
Volume 14, Issue 4, 2010
Author Vicki Pinkney-AtkinsonSource: Professional Nursing Today 14 (2010)More Less
October may be the loveliest month, but it masks the climaxing stress that reaches a crescendo when the builders' holidays start in mid-December. Not just the builders, of course, as the rest of South Africa comes to screeching halt for the traditional Christmas break. Then, suddenly, all is quiet, unless you work in a hospital or are dealing with sick and injured people. Then it is still a 24/7 marathon.
Protecting South African healthcare personnel from blood-borne infection in the twenty-first century workplace : infection controlAuthor L.E. ZiadySource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 6 –10 (2010)More Less
South Africa is a country with a large population of persons living with blood-borne infection, ranging from hepatitis to HIV. Translated into exposure risk for healthcare workers, the reservoir of potential infection is incredible. To protect healthcare workers, an extensive international safety device and healthcare engineering industry has been born.
When the cost of basic safety becomes a factor, the best method of avoiding blood-borne infection is by avoiding needlestick injuries (NSI). This article reviews the traditional hierarchy of NSI control measures (in order of most effective to least effective), that includes the elimination of hazards, utilising engineered safety devices, applying administrative and procedure / clinical practice controls, providing personal protective clothing, and conducting ongoing product surveillance to check whether the safety measures are still required and / or applied correctly.
Lastly, the choice of safety devices is significant for healthcare workers, and factors such as user-friendliness, cost-effectiveness and ease of eradication is discussed shortly.
Author F. FarrerSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 12 –14 (2010)More Less
Improving the health in our home environment takes a multifaceted approach. Correct hand washing techniques with soap and water have been shown to decrease diarrhoeal and respiratory diseases. Ensuring clean and germ-free surfaces can reduce cross-contamination, while safe and hygienic food preparation can decrease our risk of food-borne illnesses. In this article, we focus on prevention of infectious diseases by improving our hygiene practices.
Author Lee BakerSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 19 –22 (2010)More Less
The Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) was introduced by the WHO in 1974 with the aim of vaccinating all children below the age of one year against six killer diseases. Since then, new vaccines against other severe vaccine-preventable diseases have been developed. South Africa is in the fortunate position to be able to include many of these new options into the national EPI and to adjust the EPI schedule according to the disease epidemiology of the country. The rationale behind some of these additions and changes to the national EPI is discussed.
Author K. Van RensburgSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 26 –28 (2010)More Less
Author N. SchellackSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 30 –32 (2010)More Less
Bisphenol A (BPA) is an industrial chemical used in the manufacturing of various plastic containers and other articles. BPA interferes with various hormonal processes, disrupting the endocrine system. This has led to widespread concern and anxiety amongst consumers, particularly as many of the plastic items containing BPA are for use in the paediatric population. This article explores BPA as an endocrine disruptor, its use in children, and the official definitions of what low-dose BPA is.
Author R. MasekelaSource: Professional Nursing Today 14, pp 33 –36 (2010)More Less
Rhinitis can be classified as allergic or non-allergic. In the case of allergic rhinitis (AR), the inflammatory process occurs in atopic individuals, secondary to exposure to an allergen. Atopy is the inherited predisposition to production of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in response to allergen exposure. AR can also be further subclassified according to duration of symptoms (seasonal vs. perennial), as well as severity, as demonstrated by the Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma (ARIA) guidelines (Figure 1). AR is a common condition which affects a large segment of the population. In a study on the prevalence of AR in South African 13- to 14-old children in Cape Town, this was found to be 10%.