Professional Nursing Today - Volume 15, Issue 2, 2011
Volume 15, Issue 2, 2011
Author Annelie MeiringSource: Professional Nursing Today 15 (2011)More Less
2011 is the year of the long-awaited Nursing Summit! This summit, with the main theme of Reconstructing and Revitalising the Nursing Profession for a Long and Healthy Life for All South Africans, was an event to remember. The National Department of Health must be congratulated on the success of the event. There was limited time to arrange an event of this magnitude, and the enthusiasm of all that attended reflected the dedication and commitment of the organising team. The aim of the Summit was to highlight issues that are of central concern to the future of the profession, as well as to the success of Government's health reform agenda.
Reconstructing and revitalising the nursing profession for a long and healthy life for all South Africans : Nursing Compact : National Nursing Summit - April 2011Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 5 –6 (2011)More Less
Author K. HutheramSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 10 –11 (2011)More Less
Jeanette arrives home at 20h00 after a 12-hour shift. As she reaches for the doorknob, she mulls over the day's events. Today, her favourite patient died after a long battle with cancer. Although she knew that her patient was terminal, she had always hoped for a miracle. The lingering smell of her cancer-riddled patient is abruptly replaced by the smell of something burning. Jeanette rushes into the room, to find her husband hovering over the stove in an attempt to save the remains of what was supposed to have been supper. She rushes into his arms for a tight embrace, amidst a flood of tears. How can she stop herself from becoming so attached to her patients? How can she stop caring to save herself from having a mental breakdown?
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 12 –16 (2011)More Less
Coughing is a normal reflex reaction caused by stimulation of the cough receptors. However, coughing can be a symptom of a number of problems, and therefore a careful evaluation of signs, symptoms and other factors must be undertaken before treatment can be recommended.
Author R. Van der MerweSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 18 –19 (2011)More Less
As unbelievable as it may seem, influenza is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable deaths in the USA. Despite this fact, immunisation against the flu is lagging, and vaccine uptake is declining in many countries, including South Africa. Although the overwhelming majority of deaths from influenza occur in high-risk patients, it is the industrial workforce that is more likely to be vaccinated than those high-risk patients who need the protection.
Author L. JohnstonSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 20 –26 (2011)More Less
Vaccination is widely considered to be one of the greatest medical achievements of modern civilisation. Yet, despite this life-saving innovation, ancient diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis still exist in the 21st century. In this article, we review the historical facts, microbiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment and prevention of tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis in South Africa.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 29 –36 (2011)More Less
Since their introduction in the early 1940s, more than 150 antibiotics have been developed. An understanding of the various classes of antibiotics, their spectra of activity, efficacy in the treatment of infectious disease and their side-effect profiles, can help to alleviate the potential problems caused by the inappropriate use of these medicines. The issue of bacterial resistance continues to drive the search for new compounds, which have increased stability and efficacy against resistant pathogens.
Author Jacqueline Van SchoorSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 39 –43 (2011)More Less
Sodium bicarbonate, sodium citrate and potassium citrate cause alkalinisation of the urine. They may be given to relieve urinary discomfort in mild urinary tract infections, and to prevent the development of uric acid renal calculi in the initial stages of uricosuric therapy for hyperuricaemia. Sodium bicarbonate is also used parenterally to correct metabolic acidosis, and orally, as an antacid. This article provides a brief review of the therapeutic role of alkalinising agents for alkalinisation of the urine and for neutralisation of acid secretions in the gastrointestinal tract.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 46 –48 (2011)More Less
This case accentuates the need for a multidisciplinary approach to wound care problems, facilitatory in the diagnosis and treatment of patients. Even with a multidisciplinary approach, in some instances, the entire team may find it difficult to provide a diagnosis. It is necessary for all relevant team members to assist in the brainstorming process and ultimate management of the patient. Additionally, the patient should be included in the process, as his/her compliance is essential.