Professional Nursing Today - Volume 15, Issue 3, 2011
Volume 15, Issue 3, 2011
Author Annelie MeiringSource: Professional Nursing Today 15 (2011)More Less
We are very privileged to be able to live and dream in a country in which democracy is actually practiced. Every South African citizen had the choice of whether or not to take part in the recent local government elections. If you chose to vote, there was a list of candidates from which to choose. Political parties used the opportunity to inform us of their political views for the future and their plans on implementation. But can we trust them to do what they say?
Health Budget Vote Policy speech by the Minister of Health, Dr Aaron Motsoaledi : part 1 : department of healthSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 4 –7 (2011)More Less
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 8 –11 (2011)More Less
The White Paper on Transforming Public Service Delivery(Batho Pele White Paper, number 1459 of 1997) provided a policy framework and implementation strategy for the transformation of public service delivery, which included the delivery of health services. Numerous newspaper articles reporting in detail about the complaints of patients with regard to health services prove that the Batho Pele Principles (BPPs) have not yet been implemented effectively. The researchers found that the success of the implementation, or lack thereof, has not been studied during the ten years since the introduction of BPPs in the health services.
Author D. SmitSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 12 –17 (2011)More Less
The nursing practitioner may see any of the following red eye cases. This clinical quiz is aimed at over-the-counter (OTC) medication, and also illustrates the importance of referring patients who do not respond to OTC medicines for urgent medical attention. The case studies are discussed in more detail after the initial case presentations. Read the case studies and decide whether the causes are bacterial, viral, or allergic, and decide what treatment you would have prescribed for the customer, or if you would refer the patient for medical attention.
Author F. FarrerSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 18 –21 (2011)More Less
Stomach ache, indigestion and abdominal cramps and pain are symptoms that are frequently reported to a nurse practitioner. However, these broad terms need to be narrowed down in order to understand the precise nature of the patient's complaint. A detailed medical history are required to determine the probable cause of the problem. Appropriate treatment can then be selected.
Author J. Van SchoorSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 24 –26 (2011)More Less
Unsightly hair and scalp conditions can cause adult patients great concern, as does premature thinning of the hair and unusual hair loss. Young children may sporadically suffer from head lice infestations, and require prompt and effective treatment, while babies may develop cradle cap in the first few weeks of life.
It is important for nursing practitioners to have a good knowledge of the products that are available to treat minor hair and scalp conditions, and to be able to advise patients on how these products should be used.
Author C. WhittakerSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 28 –31 (2011)More Less
Tobacco kills up to half of those who use it. Despite this, tobacco use is common throughout the world. Currently, over seven million South Africans smoke, and globally there are about 1.3 billion smokers. We need to initiate conversations with our patients about the health risks associated with tobacco use, and to motivate them to quit. We can provide advice regarding nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) to manage the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal, and thereby increase the likelihood of successfully quitting.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 32 –37 (2011)More Less
Kangaroo mother care (KMC) has been identified as a humanised neonatal intervention that includes the family, while at the same time provides for the needs of especially preterm and / or low birthweight (LBW) infants, i.e. under 2 500 g. KMC has been described as "primarily a nursing intervention with medical support", which points to the leadership role of the neonatal nurse in the support for KMC in a multidisciplinary team.
Author S. DavisSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 38 –41 (2011)More Less
Pneumococcal disease is caused by infection with Streptococcus pneumoniae, also known as pneumococcus, a Gram-positive, encapsulated, lancet-shaped, coccus bacterial cell, usually occurring in pairs (diplococci). Based on differences in the composition of the capsule, there are more than 90 different seroptypes of pneumococci.
Author J. SouterSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 44 –47 (2011)More Less
Rotavirus infection is a common cause of severe gastroenteritis in infants and young children worldwide. Most children will have their first infection by the age of three years. In developing countries, most children are infected before one year of age. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 527 000 children under five years of age die annually from rotavirus infections. In this article, we discuss rotavirus infection and focus on prevention through vaccination.
Author N. ButlerSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 48 –54 (2011)More Less
Both known species of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), HIV-1 and HIV-2, originated in Africa (HIV-1 from Central Africa and HIV-2 from West Africa) as zoonotic infections from primate hosts. Human infection is thought to have been facilitated during the slaughtering of primates for the bush meat trade. About 65% of the global total of HIV-infection is located in sub-Saharan Africa, with South Africa having the highest number of persons, 5-6 million, living with HIV. HIV-1, which is found throughout the world and is responsible for the majority of cases of HIV-infection, has been subdivided into 10 subtypes, A to J (also known as clades or genotypes). Within the South African context, reference to implies HIV-1 subtype C.