oa Professional Nursing Today - National Osteoporosis Foundation of South Africa guideline for the diagnosis and management of osteoporosis : guideline
Osteoporosis is a common and costly disease which carries a significant morbidity and mortality. The lifetime risk of a fracture in Caucasian women is 30-40%, and about 20% in men. Up to 20% of hip fracture victims die within one year, and more than 50% never regain the functional ability to lead an independent life. In South Africa, the incidence of osteoporosis in the white, Asian and mixed-race populations appears to be similar to that of developed countries, although no fracture data exist. As in the USA, hip osteoporosis is less prevalent in the black population, although vertebral bone mass, and possibly also fracture prevalence, in black and white South Africans appear to be similar.
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