Professional Nursing Today - Volume 15, Issue 6, 2011
Volume 15, Issue 6, 2011
Author Annelie MeiringSource: Professional Nursing Today 15 (2011)More Less
December has different meanings for all of us. For some, it's the start of a long-awaited holiday with beloved ones, while others enjoy the simple act of giving during the Christmas festivities. Others are struggling to discharge themselves of 2011, and its associated responsibilities and duties.
Author Valerie EhlersSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 4 –5 (2011)More Less
When Florence Nightingale arrived at Scutari Military Hospital, the death rate was 42%. She instituted good nursing care, promoted cleanliness, and provided good food. Within six months, the death rate dropped to 2.2%, a formidable accomplishment prior to the availability of antibiotics. Florence Nightingale kept accurate statistics, and displayed these in graphs and tables in local and military newspapers. Florence Nightingale's publications about her work, substantiated by accurate statistics, saved many soldiers' lives and changed the world's perceptions.
James Lancaster discovered that lemon juice prevented scurvy. However, sailors continued to die from scurvy for 264 years before the British Navy started supplying lemons to sailors. This might be attributed to the ineffective dissemination of James Lancaster's discovery.
Consequently, Florence Nightingale's published statistics saved many soldiers' lives, while sailors continued to die from scurvy, because Lancaster's data remained unpublished and unknown.
Series on nursing pharmacology and medicine management Part 3 : drug dosage forms and the routes of drug administration : nursing pharmacology and medicine managementAuthor G. SchellackSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 10 –15 (2011)More Less
In this, the third in a series of articles on practice-related aspects of pharmacology, drug therapy, and applied nursing pharmacology, we focus on the role of the nursing practitioner in administering prescribed medication to patients in their care. Specific emphasis is placed on different dosage forms, as well as the more commonly encountered routes of drug administration. This series uses excerpts and diagrams with permission from the 2nd edition of Pharmacology in Clinical Practice: Application Made Easy for Nurses and Allied Health Professionals, and is compiled and expanded upon by the author.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 16 –23 (2011)More Less
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common skin disease that has a formidable impact on the quality of life of the suffering individual. By correctly diagnosing and treating AD this situation may be ameliorated. This overview aims to provide practising clinicians with guidelines to achieve optimisation of the management of patients with AD.
Author J.E. AugustynSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 24 –29 (2011)More Less
Triage is considered as one method of enhancing the business of an operationally healthy emergency centre. Emergency nurses should all be able to identify life-threatening conditions quickly and prioritise patients to provide safe emergency care. This article describes the South African Triage Scale, a tool researched and validated in South Africa, and demonstrates the simplicity of the instrument with practical examples. Further advantages of triage are described and the concept of triage aids is also illustrated.
Author M. MulderSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 30 –36 (2011)More Less
Author N. ButlerSource: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 41 –45 (2011)More Less
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic conditions characterised by raised blood glucose levels caused by inadequate insulin secretion, reduced insulin action, or both. Type 1 diabetes was formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes, and Type 2 diabetes (the focus of this article) as non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 85-95% of all diabetes cases.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 15, pp 53 –55 (2011)More Less