Professional Nursing Today - Volume 16, Issue 1, 2012
Volume 16, Issue 1, 2012
Author Annelie MeiringSource: Professional Nursing Today 16 (2012)More Less
Nursing Summit 2011 gave seemingly false hope that nursing can, and will change. The Sunday Times (February 12, 2012) again highlighted in detail the lack of care in the profession with its article, "Patients face stinking conditions." Efforts to improve the image of nurses and to strive for better working conditions are repeatedly set back by such reports. Year after year, we spend our days, energy and time discussing various ways in which we can encourage members of our profession to show respect towards, and demonstrate care for, their patients.
Author Guin LourensSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 3 –4 (2012)More Less
A national drive by the National Department of Health to improve the quality of health care through the National Core Standards calls on leadership in the health sector to facilitate initiative and change in practice. The legal context of the National Core Standards for the health sector is the National Health Act, 61 of 2003, which promotes good quality health services, healthcare standards, and ratifies the Office of Standards Compliance. Therefore, the purpose is to set a benchmark for quality of care, and to provide a framework for the national accreditation of health establishments.
Quality assurance is gaining in relevance with the implementation of the National Core Standards. A greater importance is also being attached to clinical governance.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 5 –14 (2012)More Less
All infant formulas must support the normal growth and development of infants, and this needs to be scientifically demonstrated. Formulas have to contain sufficient amounts of basic nutrients, and so are nutritionally interchangeable, with no evidence indicating that one brand is superior to another.
Author K. Van RensburgSource: Professional Nursing Today 16 (2012)More Less
One of the developmental milestones is the appearance of the first tooth that can be expected in babies between the ages of three and seven months. The process of tooth formation begins in the womb, when the baby develops tiny tooth buds below the gums. These tooth buds will become the baby teeth, also known as milk teeth. The roots of these teeth later dissolve, causing them to fall out, and then permanent teeth will replace them. The eruption of all twenty milk teeth will take about three years, while permanent teeth will start making their appearance by the age of six years.
Author J. SouterSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 18 –20 (2012)More Less
Immunisation is one of the most important weapons used to protect individuals and the community from serious diseases. In South Africa, an expanded programme on immunisation (EPI) starts at birth with the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and an attenuated oral polio vaccine (OPV). In certain circumstances, a hepatitis B vaccine may also be given at birth. In this article, we will focus on the indications, administration, adverse effects and precautions associated with use of the OPV and BCG vaccinations.
The indications of leukodepleting blood or blood products, and the importance of using bedside blood-product filters during neonatal transfusion : NNASASource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 22 –25 (2012)More Less
Transfusion therapy remains one of the most commonly used regimens to treat critically ill neonates. Neonatal intensive care professional nurses have a responsibility to ensure that the procedure is as effective, and as safe, as possible. This article aims to provide neonatal intensive care professional nurses with knowledge of the effects of leukodepletion of blood or blood products, the various available bedside blood-product filters, and the role played by the filter pore size in preventing transfusion related reactions in neonates.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 26 –29 (2012)More Less
Author H.L. LoudonSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 30 –34 (2012)More Less
This is the first of a two-part series of microbial fact sheets on some of the common hospital pathogens which cause healthcare-associated infections. The objectives are to revive the reader's interest in the microbiological aspects of infection prevention and control by explaining the clever pathogenic and survival strategies used by microorganisms, as well as the rationale for the practical measures which should be implemented at unit level to prevent and/or contain their spread.
Author Bronwyn GreenSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 35 –42 (2012)More Less
For many years, management of chronic wounds, e.g. pressure ulcers, has been based on an understanding of the physiology of acute wounds. Both acute and chronic wounds need to follow all four would healing phases, namely haemostasis, inflammation, proliferation, and maturation or remodelling, in order to achieve wound closure. However, very often, the initiating mechanism of injury in chronic wounds does not require haemostasis.
Author L. JohnstonSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 43 –47 (2012)More Less
Despite the introduction of pharmacological thromboprophylaxis for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains a significant complication after surgery.
A DVT is a thrombus (clot) consisting of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets bound together with fibrin strands, which forms in the venous portion of the vasculature. Although it can involve any vein in the body, it occurs most frequently in the lower limbs, affecting the superficial large veins and deep veins of the calf and those above the knee. A DVT that occurs in deep knee or thigh veins is known as a proximal DVT.
A potentially fatal complication of VTE is pulmonary PE.