oa Professional Nursing Today - Vaccines given at birth : vaccines

Volume 16, Issue 1
  • ISSN : 1607-6672



Immunisation is one of the most important weapons used to protect individuals and the community from serious diseases. In South Africa, an expanded programme on immunisation (EPI) starts at birth with the Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG), and an attenuated oral polio vaccine (OPV). In certain circumstances, a hepatitis B vaccine may also be given at birth. In this article, we will focus on the indications, administration, adverse effects and precautions associated with use of the OPV and BCG vaccinations.

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