Professional Nursing Today - Volume 16, Issue 4, 2012
Volume 16, Issue 4, 2012
Author Annelie MeiringSource: Professional Nursing Today 16 (2012)More Less
Women's Day, Women's Month and women's Health. That is what August is all about in South Africa. The health calendar for the second semester of each year focuses on topics such as breast cancer, cervical cancer, heart disease and AIDS. The health industry and numerous other employers use this opportunity to teach their workers about healthy living. Hospitals and clinics organise campaigns to contribute to improving the health status of the country. Where do we as nurses fit into this picture? We are very creative in assisting with and organising health education programmes, but do we ever stand back and focus on our own health and the way we live?
Practical aspects of drug administration : general considerations : series on nursing pharmacology and medicine management - part 4Author G. SchellackSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 4 –10 (2012)More Less
In this, the fourth in a series of articles on practice-related aspects of pharmacology, drug therapy and applied nursing pharmacology, we will continue to focus on the role of the nursing practitioner in administering prescribed medication to patients in their care. Consideration will be given to some of the practical aspects pertaining to drug administration in the ward or healthcare unit, including drug interactions and adverse drug reactions. This series uses excerpts and diagrams with permission from the 2nd edition of Pharmacology in Clinical Practice: Application Made Easy for Nurses and Allied Health Professionals, and is compiled and expanded upon by the author.
Author F. FarrerSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 12 –14 (2012)More Less
Worldwide, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used for their effectiveness as analgesic, antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agents. They are taken to manage a number of acute and chronic musculoskeletal disorders, as well as dental pain, period pain and headaches. However, NSAIDs may produce harmful sideeffects on the gastric and duodenal mucosa, ranging from heartburn to ulcers.
Author B. GreenSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 22 –26 (2012)More Less
Negative pressure has become a very valuable adjunct to wound care therapy over the last few years. This can be largely attributed to work that was carried out by Morykwas and Argenta in 1997. In a series of three articles, they describe a new method for wound control and treatment for open wounds by using open-cell foam as a wound interface (wound filler). An occlusive dressing was used to create an airtight seal so that subatmospheric pressure could be applied to the wound.
The role of the neonatal nurse in early hearing detection and intervention in South Africa : paediatricsSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 28 –31 (2012)More Less
There is a lack of direct recognition of children with disabilities and the importance of early screening and identification of disability, particularly within Africa. Within the South African healthcare setting, the role of screening for disability within a neonatal or paediatric nursery could be facilitated by the nurse. Hearing loss is a disability that can be identified early through the availability of screening equipment, and for which beneficial outcomes have been associated. The diversity of roles performed by the nurse will be discussed with reference to early detection of hearing loss and concomitant intervention for children who are identified with hearing loss.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 32 –35 (2012)More Less
Gastrointestinal flora influences health, but the composition of flora can be changed with prebiotics or probiotics. The addition of probiotics to powdered infant formula has not been demonstrated to be harmful to healthy term infants. However, evidence of clinical efficacy regarding their addition is insufficient to recommend the routine use of such formula. The administration of probiotic (single or in combination) supplementation in infant or follow-on formula, and given beyond early infancy, may be associated with some clinical benefits, such as a reduction in the risk of nonspecific gastrointestinal infections, a reduced risk of antibiotic use and a lower frequency of colic and irritability. Confirmatory well-designed clinical research studies are necessary.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 38 –40 (2012)More Less
The elderly are considered to be an at-risk group, because of inadequate dietary intake, drug-nutrient interactions and the prevalence of chronic conditions. Dietary guidelines recommend that healthy individuals achieve recommended nutrient intakes from food sources, while not exceeding their energy requirements. Additional nutrients from fortified or enriched foods or supplements can help the elderly to meet their nutritional needs as specified by science-based nutrition standards, such as the Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs).
Utilising the post-mastectomy Leuko K® strapping application technique for chronic poor lymph drainage of the left arm : case studyAuthor L. Van WykSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 42 –43 (2012)More Less