Professional Nursing Today - Volume 16, Issue 5, 2012
Volume 16, Issue 5, 2012
Author Annelie MeiringSource: Professional Nursing Today 16 (2012)More Less
The South African Department of Health has been busy reforming our health services for a number of years. The activities of task teams and specialists and the creation of summits and numerous projects are visible at the health facilities, while there are numerous reports in the media on planned new ventures. Employees are relied upon to guide and assist the projects from initiation to implementation. At the coal face, they may often feel disheartened because numerous times before it has seemed to be a futile exercise. It is encouraging, then, that on 27 September 2012, the Minister of Health launched an induction programme for district specialist clinical teams. While it was thought to be impossible, the Department of Health has succeeded in appointing medical specialists and senior specialist nurses to drive this vital component of the revitalisation of primary healthcare which seeks to strive for better health for everyone. The role of the clinical specialist teams includes the provision of strategic leadership and support to the district, with particular emphasis on maternal and child health and clinical leadership and mentorship to ensure that doctors and nurses are adequately trained and supervised in visiting facilities, clinical audits, observing clinical practices and collecting and interpreting data. The goal is to reduce maternal, infant and child mortality as rapidly as possible (www.doh.gov.za).
Author J. SouterSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 6 –9 (2012)More Less
When a vaccine is registered with the Medicines Control Council (MCC), it is administered according to the recommended intervals that have been evaluated in clinical trials. It is not registered with the anticipation that it willbe used when a patient needs to catch up a vaccination. It often happens that infants are not brought to the clinic at the correct intervals in order to comply with their immunisation schedule.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 12 –13 (2012)More Less
Antibiotic stewardship aims to optimise antimicrobial treatment in order to ensure a reduction in the increasing level of global antimicrobial drug resistance which is taking on ominous proportions. Antibiotics are true miracle medicines that are threatened with ineffectiveness by the bacteria they were developed to combat. This article looks at antibiotic stewardship as a method of ensuring that every patient always receives appropriate antimicrobial drugs, at the right dose, at the right time and for the right duration, in order to cure or prevent infection, while preventing toxicity and the emergence of resistance. Although costs will always be important to patients and healthcare institutions, the focus of antimicrobial stewardship is on the wellbeing of patients and public health.
Author J. Van SchoorSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 16 –21 (2012)More Less
The prevalence rates of allergic diseases such as allergic rhinitis and asthma appear to be increasing in many countries. Although several mediators are involved in the pathophysiology of allergic diseases, histamine plays a fundamental role, particularly in allergic rhinitis and urticaria. Produced and stored within the cytoplasmic granules of mast cells and basophils, histamine is released in large quantities during the immediate phase of allergic reactions.
Author H. SmithSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 24 –28 (2012)More Less
Calcium is a mineral required by the body for healthy bones, teeth, and proper function of the heart, muscles and nerves. The best way to get the right daily amount of calcium is to eat a diet rich in calcium-containing foods. However, for people who cannot consume enough calcium from food or beverages and are unable to make changes in their eating habits, calcium supplementation may be necessary to obtain adequate calcium intakes.
Source: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 29 –31 (2012)More Less
There are recommendations to guide parents to help their infants make the transition from milk to weaning foods, but they differ in their focus in developed or developing countries and on the physiological and behavioural reasons that underlie the introduction of weaning foods. According to recommendations, ideally, term infants should begin weaning at six months, while breastfeeding should continue for two years. The recommendations on nutrients in complementary foods are based on the nutrient gap between the composition and volume of breast milk after approximately six months of exclusive breastfeeding and the physiology of infant nutritional requirements
Practical aspects of drug administration : posology, the impact of ward routine, and the stocking and maintaining of drugs on the emergency trolley : series on nursing pharmacology and medicine management : part 5Author G. SchellackSource: Professional Nursing Today 16, pp 32 –38 (2012)More Less
In this, the fifth in a series of articles on practice-related aspects of pharmacology, drug therapy and applied nursing pharmacology, we will continue to focus on the role of the nursing practitioner in administering prescribed medication to patients in their care. Specific consideration will now be given to the importance of posology, including the timing of drug dosages and the impact of ward routine. Furthermore, some attention will also be given to the stocking and maintenance of drugs on the emergency trolley. This series uses excerpts and diagrams with permission from the 2nd edition of Pharmacology in Clinical Practice: Application Made Easy for Nurses and Allied Health Professionals, and is compiled and expanded upon by the author.