oa South African Family Practice - Hypertension and diabetes : bad companions : review article

Volume 46, Issue 9
  • ISSN : 2078-6190
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6204



Diabetics are more likely to suffer from hypertension than non-diabetics. Factors that may contribute to the increased prevalence of hypertension in diabetics include: <br>(i) Obesity <br>(ii) Insulin resistance <br>(iii) Renal disease (i.e.diabetic nephropathy). <br>More than two thirds of diabetic patients have hypertension with a resultant sevenfold increase in mortality. Hypertensive diabetics with nephropathy have a 37-fold increase in mortality! The major problem in diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, is an increase in cardiovascular disease. Hypertension is also an important contributor to cardiovascular disease in diabetics.

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