oa South African Family Practice - Hear today - hearing loss tomorrow : a preliminary survey of the personal audio player user habits and knowledge of South African first-year university students : scientific letter
Different types of personal audio devices (PADs), such as cell phones, Mp3 players and iPods, are increasingly used by young people. Many of these players can generate loudness levels in excess of 115 dB, which can cause severe damage to the ears. Research in other countries has found that between 45 and 53% of university students listen to their devices for more than an hour a day, and that they listen to them tuned to loud or very loud.
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