oa South African Family Practice - Nonerosive reflux disease as a presentation of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease : CPD article

Volume 53, Issue 4
  • ISSN : 2078-6190
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6204



Up to 70% of patients with typical symptoms of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease have neither definite endoscopic oesophageal erosions nor Barrett's oesophagus on upper endoscopy. These patients suffer from nonerosive reflux disease (NERD). There is no gold standard for the diagnosis of NERD, but a well-taken history is usually sufficient to confirm the diagnosis and initiate therapy. A sensitive tool for the diagnosis of NERD is a proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) trial of therapy. The aims of NERD therapy are acute and long-term symptom relief, maintenance of clinical remission and restoration of quality of life. PPIs in full doses are the treatment of choice for NERD patients, who often need long-term therapy for symptom control. For the family physician, identification of the relevant symptoms and initiation of treatment, where alarm symptoms have been excluded, is important in the effective management of NERD.

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