oa South African Family Practice - Ophthalmoscopy for general practitioners : letter to the editor



Cardiovascular disease (including ischaemic heart disease and stroke) remains the most common cause of death. Traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (such as hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and cigarette smoking, among others) allow doctors to identify, monitor and treat high-risk patients. However, a large proportion of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is not explained by these risk factors. As a result, there is a possibility of finding additional variables for cardiovascular risk stratification.


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