oa South African Family Practice - Ophthalmoscopy for general practitioners : letter to the editor

Volume 53, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 2078-6190
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6204



Cardiovascular disease (including ischaemic heart disease and stroke) remains the most common cause of death. Traditional risk factors for cardiovascular disease (such as hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and cigarette smoking, among others) allow doctors to identify, monitor and treat high-risk patients. However, a large proportion of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is not explained by these risk factors. As a result, there is a possibility of finding additional variables for cardiovascular risk stratification.

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Article metrics loading...


This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error