oa South African Family Practice - Hypertension and sexual dysfunction : review article

Volume 54, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 2078-6190
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6204



Sexual dysfunction is defined by the World Health Organization as the various ways in which an individual is unable to participate in a sexual relationship as desired.

Erectile dysfunction was formerly viewed as a psychological entity and dismissed as such, but currently, it is considered to be a disease of vascular origin. Sexual dysfunction has been called: "the 'prima ballerina' of hypertension-related, quality-of-life complications".
Currently, erectile dysfunction is also considered to be an independent predictor of future cardiovascular disease, as it may be viewed as a manifestation of vascular dysfunction, and endothelial dysfunction underlies this symptom.

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