oa South African Family Practice - The abridged South African hypertension guideline 2011 : CPD article
Extensive data from randomised controlled trials have shown the benefit of treating hypertension. The target blood pressure (BP) for antihypertensive management is < 140/90 mmHg, and < 130/80 mmHg in patients with end-organ damage, co-existing risk factors, and co-morbidity. Benefits of management include reduced risk of death, stroke, cardiac failure, chronic kidney disease, and coronary heart disease. The correct BP measurement procedure is described, and evaluation of cardiovascular risk factors and recommendations for antihypertensive therapy, are stipulated. Lifestyle modification and patient education are cornerstones in the management of every patient. Major indications, precautions, and contraindications to each recommended antihypertensive drug are listed. Combination therapy should be considered ab initio if the BP is ≥ 20/10 mmHg above goal. First-line drug therapy for uncomplicated essential hypertension includes low-dose thiazide-like diuretics, calcium-channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, or angiotensin-receptor blockers. The guideline was developed by the Southern African Hypertension Society.
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