oa South African Family Practice - The eye in systemic disease : CPD article
|Article Title||The eye in systemic disease : CPD article|
|© Publisher:||Medpharm Publications|
|Journal||South African Family Practice|
|Affiliations||1 University of Cape Town, 2 University of Cape Town, 3 Groote Schuur Hospital and 4 Groote Schuur Hospital|
|Publication Date||Jan 2014|
|Pages||8 - 14|
|Keyword(s)||Diabetic retinopathy, Drugs and the eye, Herpes zoster ophthalmicus, Systemic disease and Thyroid ophthalmopathy|
The eye is a unique organ which is often involved in systemic disease. Patients with systemic disease may first present with eye pathology, and patients with known systemic illnesses may need to have their eyes specifically checked for ocular complications. It is thus useful for the physician to be familiar with the ocular manifestations of common systemic diseases at primary care level. Diseases like diabetes, herpes zoster ophthalmicus and thyroid ophthalmopathy often involve the eyes, and if the eye signs are not identified early, the visual consequences can be devastating. Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness in this country. These, as well as common ocular manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome, syphilis, some dermatological conditions and the ocular side-effects of certain drugs, are discussed in this article. It is important for the primary care physician to be familiar with the spectrum of ocular involvement in systemic diseases since appropriate intervention and referral can be sight saving for the patient.
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