oa South African Family Practice - Hypertension and anaesthesia : review

Volume 56, Issue 5
  • ISSN : 2078-6190
  • E-ISSN: 2078-6204



Hypertension affects more than 1 billion people worldwide, and is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, cardiac failure, stroke, cerebrovascular events including dementia, atherosclerosis and the development of renal failure. It is also associated with dyslipidaemia, diabetes and obesity. The incidence of hypertension, and in particular systolic hypertension, increases with age. It is estimated that 60% of the world's adult population are hypertensive as defined by "The World Hypertension Society/International Society of Hypertension" (WHO/ISH).

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