oa Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection - Infection control in developing countries with particular emphasis on South Africa

Volume 20, Issue 2
  • ISSN : 1015-8782
  • E-ISSN: 2220-1084



Guidelines for infection control in South Africa and developing countries have been formulated to assist healthcare professionals to deal with five important challenges that face healthcare workers : antimicrobial resistance, nosocomial pneumonia, bloodstream infections caused by intravascular catheters, nosocomial urinary tract infections, and nosocomial intra-abdominal infections. Intelligent infection control strategies are essential to minimise the impact of these challenges on patient outcomes. Nosocomial (healthcare-associated) infections are a cause of significant morbidity and mortality in patients receiving healthcare and the costs (direct and indirect) of these infections deplete the already limited financial resources allocated to healthcare delivery. Lower respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infections, bloodstream infections, and post-surgical (including intra-abdominal) infections collectively account for the majority of nosocomial infections. The burgeoning problems and challenges posed by antimicrobial resistance have far-reaching implications for treatment of these infections worldwide and it is therefore appropriate that the emphasis of this guideline document is on these five issues.

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