oa Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection - Prevalence and profile of injuries in Khorixas District Hospital, Namibia : original research
|Article Title||Prevalence and profile of injuries in Khorixas District Hospital, Namibia : original research|
|© Publisher:||Medpharm Publications|
|Journal||Southern African Journal of Epidemiology and Infection|
|Author||O.O. Oyefeso and S.E. Madiba|
|Publication Date||Jan 2011|
|Pages||83 - 87|
|Keyword(s)||District Hospital, Namibia and University of Limpopo (Medunsa Campus)|
The aims of this study were to identify the demographic characteristics of injury victims and the types of injury cases seen and admitted for treatment in Khorixas District Hospital, Namibia. A descriptive retrospective survey of all injuries attended to and admitted in the hospital from January 2001 to December 2004 was done using document review of patients' medical records. A total of 331 injury cases (6.8% of all admissions) were admitted. The age group 20-29 years was the most commonly affected, with 18% injured. Injury was common among the males (76%). The unemployed constituted 36% of all the injuries, followed by children/infants (19%). Over two-thirds (68%) of the injuries were unintentional. Cuts and stabs were the most common (24%) type of injury among the injury cases admitted. Motor vehicle accidents accounted for 21% of all injuries admitted. Over a third (36%) of all the injuries were alcohol related. Farmers (11%) constitute the most affected group among the employed. Type of injury and occupation were significantly associated (χ2=107.879, p<0.001). Mass propagation of anti-violence education is needed to reduce the high rate of intentional injuries among the injuries such as cuts/stabs, assaults, human bite and gunshot injuries.
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