oa Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases - Anal human papillomavirus and anal squamous cell cancer in people living with HIV/AIDS : implications for southern Africa : review
|Article Title||Anal human papillomavirus and anal squamous cell cancer in people living with HIV/AIDS : implications for southern Africa : review|
|© Publisher:||Medpharm Publications|
|Journal||Southern African Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|Affiliations||1 University of KwaZulu-Natal|
|Publication Date||Jan 2014|
|Pages||12 - 18|
|Keyword(s)||Anal human papillomavirus, HIV, HPV, Southern Africa and Squamous cell cancer|
Southern Africa has the largest burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the world. Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is increasingly being made available in the region. The disease has shifted from being a death sentence to that of a chronic disorder with the availability of HAART. The morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in the developed world seems to be shifting from that of opportunistic infection to malignancy, particularly non-AIDS-defining cancer. A similar trend may be imminent in the developing world owing to the availability of HAART. Squamous cell cancer of the anus is a cancer with a seemingly increasing incidence in PLWHA. This review explores the possible impact that a rise in the incidence of squamous cell cancer of the anus would have on the region, and strategies that may be employed to identify and counteract this escalation.
Article metrics loading...