oa Southern African Journal of Gynaecological Oncology - Gynaecological Oncology in South Africa : guest editorial
All lists of cancers in women in South Africa include gynaecologic cancers in high ranking orders. In particular cervical cancer is still one of the most common cancers in women in South Africa and probably still the most common cancer of women in Africa. In other parts of the world cervical cancer has been surpassed by endometrial cancer in frequency of occurrence. This pays tribute to the ultimate success of well designed and properly executed screening programmes for cervical cancer in many countries. Ovarian cancer seems to also occur with an increasing frequency around the world. This disease with its guarded prognosis has been associated with gene mutations in an important proportion of cases. The geographical regional HIV pandemic also made an impact on gynaecologic cancer occurrence. Cancers of the vulva and cervix are more commonly diagnosed in sufferers from HIV than in non-infected women. The more rare gynaecologic cancers include soft tissue sarcomas, cancers of the rest of the Mullerian system, and gestational trophoblastic neoplasia.
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